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ABOUT WHATTHEFRACK.ORG

Whatthefrack.org is a program of Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy, an all-volunteer, grassroots organization that has been working to prohibit dangerous hydraulic fracturing (fracking) since 2008. Catskill Citizens provides one of the best websites in the country on fracking including an extensive Newsroom and a comprehensive Learn More section. Our Action Alerts make it easy for you to contact your elected officials in just a matter of seconds. Because we have an all-volunteer staff, all the money we raise goes directly into the fight against fracking. Please donate generously.

We support the American Clean Energy Agenda. Find out how your organization can also lend its support info@whatthefrack.org.

Contact:

info@whatthefrack.org

212 537 9249
PO Box 103 Fremont Center, NY 12736

FEATURED VIDEO

Fighting Another Pipeline
Ed Schultz and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. discuss the potential impact of the construction of the controversial Constitution pipeline.

Other Videos of Interest:


Cheryl LaFleur, FERC chairman, discusses greenhouse gas emissions from power plants - National Press Club.


New York State is Safe from Fracking! THANK YOU! December 17th 2014


Fracking 101-National Sierra Club




WHAT YOU CAN DO

ASK PRESIDENT OBAMA TO STAND STRONG ON KEYSTONE Take Action!
Tell Congress to deny fast track status to TPP! Take Action!
GOVERNOR CUOMO VETO PORT AMBROSE Take Action!

LATEST NEWS

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Jul 31, 2015
    1199 Urges Cuomo To Scuttle Seneca Lake Gas Storage Facility

    YNN

    A key labor union on Wednesday approved a resolution urging the Cuomo administration to not allow the storage of liquid propane gas near Seneca Lake in Schuyler County. The union, 1199 SEIU, brings a new level of political juice to the controversial storage facility proposal. In a statement, t...  [Full Story]
Jul 30, 2015
Jul 30, 2015
    85% of natural gas growth comes from the Northeast

    Eagle Ford Texas
    Danielle Wente
    According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the Utica and Marcellus Shale formations found in Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New York, and into Kentucky are responsible for 85 percent of the nation’s natural gas growth since 2012. The EIA credits improved production technique...  [Full Story]
Jul 30, 2015
Jul 30, 2015
    Polarised responses to Kimberley fracking

    AU News Yahoo

    Responses to the official opening of Buru Energy's Ungani oilfield in Western Australia's Kimberley region have been polarised, with anti-fracking groups speaking out against the project. But WA's Chamber of Minerals and Energy has congratulated Buru and its equal joint venture partner Mitsubishi...  [Full Story]
Jul 30, 2015
Jul 30, 2015
    Are Americans passing up a chance at the best jobs?

    The Economist

    “IT DOESN’T hurt to get more education”, argues Donald Trump, a Republican presidential candidate. But too few Americans are acting on Mr Trump’s insight. Wage inequality has spiralled since the 1980s. In theory, as the returns to education grow, people should invest in more of it. The growing ranks...  [Full Story]
Jul 30, 2015
Jul 30, 2015
    Brown Administration Sued for Ignoring Risk Report on Fracking

    Center for Biological Diversity
    Press Release
    Oil Agency OK'd Fracking Without Considering Scientists' Warnings on Water, Health, Safety SACRAMENTO, Calif.— The Center for Biological Diversity sued California’s scandal-plagued oil agency today for finalizing an inadequate environmental review of fracking eight days before the release of a st...  [Full Story]
Jul 30, 2015
    Majority Say Global Warming Contributing to Drought

    Public Policy Institute of California
    Press Release
    Most Suport State Efforts To Limit Emissions, But Partisan Divide Persists SAN FRANCISCO, July 29, 2015—A solid majority of Californians believe that global warming is already having an impact, and nearly two-thirds of residents say it has contributed to the state’s current drought, according to ...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
    Is Hillary Clinton's Ambitious Solar Energy Goal for the U.S. Workable?

    The Guardian
    Karl Mathiesen
    Clinton’s first climate change policy pitch – for renewables to provide 33% of the nation’s electricity by 2027 – is bold, but the U.S. must look beyond solar for a clean energy revolution. On Sunday, Hillary Clinton took a first swing at the many-headed carbon hydra. By the end of her first term, ...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
Jul 29, 2015
    Hillary Clinton: I Have 'Doubts' About Arctic Drilling

    Newsmax
    Courtney Coren
    In a break with the Obama administration, former Sec. of State Hillary Clinton is expressing "doubts" about the decision to approve offshore drilling near Alaska. "I have doubts about whether we should continue drilling in the Arctic. And I don’t think it is a necessary part of our overall clean ...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
Jul 29, 2015
    Earth now halfway to UN global warming limit

    New Scientist

    IT’S the outcome the world wants to avoid, but we are already halfway there. All but one of the main trackers of global surface temperature are now passing more than 1 °C of warming relative to the second half of the 19th century, according to an exclusive analysis done for New Scientist. We coul...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
    Humans accidentally created hidden carbon sink in the desert

    New Scientist
    Michael Slezak
    Since the dawn of farming, humans have been accidentally creating a huge carbon sink that by now may store more carbon than all of the world’s living plants. But this sink is in the last place that you’d expect to find huge amounts of carbon – under the desert. That is the surprising conclusio...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
    ENERGY POLICY: LNG debate looms for day 2 of Senate markup

    E & E Newswire
    Geof Koss
    After largely skirting controversy during yesterday's markup of its comprehensive energy bill, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee today may revisit a past point of contention: exporting natural gas. Sen. Angus King (I-Maine) said yesterday that he and Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) w...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
Jul 29, 2015
    Fiala: I didn’t flip-flop on fracking

    The Journal News
    Jon Campbell
    State Senate candidate Barbara Fiala on Tuesday took issue with the suggestion that she changed her position on hydraulic fracturing, saying she had always pledged support for the state Department of Environmental Conservation’s decision-making process. 635494887453965038-bngdc5bk-6dig44mav031dmy...  [Full Story]
Jul 29, 2015
    Yoga practitioners charged in Crestwood gate blockade

    Star Gazette
    Bob Jamieson
    Ten people, including many yoga practitioners, were charged with trespassing Wednesday morning for blockading the north entrance to Crestwood Midstream on Route 14 in Reading, Schuyler County. The activist group, We Are Seneca Lake, announced the latest charges, which now involve nearly 319 charg...  [Full Story]

More News Items


Economic Impact of Shale Gas Drilling

Read Selected Documents Authored by Jannette M. Barth, Ph.D.

Can New York Learn from Texas?. Economist Jannette Barth's latest analysis of the economic impact of shale gas plays.

Read more about LNG exports by entering the word "exports" in the Search feature of our website.


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Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy,
an all-volunteer grassroots organization.



FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: PROXIMITY OF COMPRESSOR STATION DEVALUES HOMES BY AS MUCH AS 50%


Fremont Center, NY — Homeowners living near the Millennium Pipeline Company's 15,000 horsepower compressor station on Hungry Hill Road in Hancock, New York have seen the value of their homes decline by as much as 50 percent since the industrial facility was constructed in the midst of what used to be a quiet, rural community.

In May 2014 several Hungry Hill residents sought real estate tax relief citing the adverse impact of the compressor station on their property values. The Town of Hancock, denied the tax grievances, but Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy subsequently offered to fund homeowner appeals. On August 25, 2014, small claims hearings were held in the Hancock Town Hall. Two homeowners, a certified Real Estate Appraiser, and a representative of Catskill Citizens testified that the compressor station was responsible for heavy truck traffic, noxious odors, persistent low-level vibrations, and air contamination. The witnesses also asserted that the facility presented a safety threat and recounted how a Millennium employee suddenly knocked on the door of a house late one evening and urged the family to quickly evacuate their home. Finally, it was alleged that blasting during the construction of the compressor station had cracked the foundation of one house, which in turn led to an unsafe spike of radon levels. (Pre and post-construction radon tests conducted by Professional Home Inspection Service of Binghamton, New York showed that radon levels in the home jumped from 3 pCi/L to 6.1 pCi/L, which is above the EPA recommended action guideline of 4.0 pCiL.)

In light of the evidence proffered, the Town of Hancock tax assessors agreed to decrease the assessed valuation and real estate taxes on two homes by 25 percent. The assessed valuation and taxes on a third home, the one that had been physically damaged, were cut by 50 percent. Hearing Officer John Creech, who presided over the settlement, was familiar with the compressor station and remarked, "I wouldn't want to live next to it." After the tax assessors agreed to the 50 percent tax cut he told the owners, "You have a good lawsuit here."

For further information contact: info@catskillcitizens.org or call (845) 468 7063.

NEW ITEMS IN LEARN MORE

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Draft Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990 - 2013
    US Environmental Protection Agency, February 11 , 2015 An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenicsources and sinks of greenhouse gases is essential for addressing climate change. This inventory adheres to both a comprehensive and detailed set of methodologies for estimating sources and sinks of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, and a common and consistent mechanism that enables Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compare the relative contribution of different emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change.

Evaluating a groundwater supply contamination incident attributed to Marcellus Shale gas development
    Study Abstract. Study by Garth T. Llewellyn, Frank Dorman. L. Westland. Yoxtheimer, Paul Grieve, Todd Sowers, E. Humston-Fulmer, and Susan L. Brantley. Published by National Academy of Sciences, April 2, 2015.

Human exposure to unconventional natural gas development: A Public health demonstration of periodic high exposure to chemical mixtures in ambient air
    Written by David R. Brown, Celia Lewis & Beth I. Weinberger. Southwest Pennsylvania Environmenta Healt Project, McMurray, Pennsulvania, USA. Publishied online 03 Mar 2015

Know Your Oil Creating a Global Oil-Climate Index
    Written by Deborah Gordon, Adam Brandt, Joule Bergerson and Jonathan Koomey for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2015

License to Dump: New York Permits Pennsylvania to Dump Fracking Waste
    Despite Ban, New York Permits Pennsylvania to Dump Radioative Fracking Waste Inside Our Borders Elizabeth Moran for Environmental Advocates of NY, February 2015

RUNAWAY RISKS - Oil Trains and the Government's Failure to Protect People, Wildlife and the Environment
    Written by Jared Margolis, Center for Biological Diversity, February 2015

The Natural Gas Gamble A Risky Bet on America's Clean Energy Future
    Written by Jeff Deyette, Steven Clemmer, Rachel Cleetus, Sandra Sattler, Alison Bailie, Megan Rising for the Union of Concerned Scientists, March 2015

WASTING AWAY: Four states’ failure to manage gas and oil field wastefromtheMarcellus and Utica Shale
    Earthworks, April, 2015 AUTHORS: Nadia Steinzor and Bruce Baizel, Earthworks’ Oil & Gas Accountability Project. Report available at: http://wastingaway.earthworksaction.org

Well water contamination in a rural community in southwestern Pennsylvania near unconventional shale gas extraction
    Written by syama K. Alawattaegama, Tetiana Kondratyuk, Renee Krynock, Matthew Bricker, Jennifer K. Rutter, Daniel J. Bainc & John F. Stolzab Center for Environmental Research and Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania, USA Department of Biological Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Published online: 03 Mar 2015.

Administration Takes Steps Forward on Climate Announcing Actions to Cut Methane Emissions
    White House Press Release, January 14, 2015.

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    2nd edition December 11, 2014.

Developmental and reproductive effects of chemicals associated with unconventional oil and natural gas operations
    Written by Ellen Webb, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Amanda Cheng, Christopher D. Kassotis,Victoria Balise and Susan C. Nagel DeGruyter, December, 2014

Fracking Failures - Oil and Gas Industry Environmental Violations in Pennsylvania and What They Mean for the U.S.
    Written by: Jeff Inglis, Frontier Group, John Rumpler, Environment America Research & Policy Center, January 27, 2015

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Prepared for The Wilderness Society, Washington DC, Stratus Consulting, December 23 2014

Integrity Management of Gas Transmission Pipelines in High Consequence Areas
    NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Public Meeting of January 27, 2015 This is a synopsis from the NTSB’s Safety Study and does not include the Board’s rationale for the conclusions and safety recommendations. NTSB staff is currently making final revisions to the report from which the attached conclusions and safety recommendations have been extracted.

Offshore Energy by the Numbers
    An Economic Analysis of Offshore Drilling and Wind Energy in the Atlantic. ANDREW MENAQUALE January 2015 for Oceana

Potential Consumer Price Impacts of Efforts to Rapidly Expand Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas
    by Alison Cassady for Center for American Progress, January 27, 2015

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing For Shale Gas Development
    New York State Department of Health, December 17, 2014.

Draft Guidelines for Energy Infrastructure Development
    Guidance on when and how to consider greenhouse gas emissions and climate change for all Federal actions. December 2014

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    Published by NRDC, December, 2014.

Predictors of Indoor Radon Concentrations in Pennsylvania, 1989-2013
    Joan A. Casey, Elizabeth L. Ogburn, Sara G. Rasmussen, Jennifer K. Irving, Jonathan Pollak, Paul A. Locke, and Brian S. Schwartz For Environmental Health Perspectives Advance Publication April 9 2015

Towards an understanding of the environmental and public health impacts of shale gas development: an analysis of the peer-reviewed scientific literature, 2009-2014
    December 10, 2014.

Global Shale Gas & Drinking Ground Water Reserves & Earthquake Regions
    Sources: WVGISTC, WVU, WRI, UNESCO, USGS, NASA; posted December, 2014.

Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    Published by NYPIRG, December 2014.

Letter from Economist Jannette Barth to Governor Andrew Cuomo
    The true economic impact of fracking. December 4, 2014

Fracking Frenzy: How the Fracking Industry is Threatening the Planet
    Friends of the Earth Europe, December, 2014.

Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas on Drinking Water Resources (External Review Draft)
    Abstract Cover of the external review draft of the hydraulic fracturing drinking water research report This assessment provides a review and synthesis of available scientific literature and data to assess the potential for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas to impact the quality or quantity of drinking water resources, and identifies factors affecting the frequency or severity of any potential impacts.

Medina Conty Auditor on Impact of Nexus Pipeline on Property Values
    May 13, 2015, Medina, Ohio

Bringing a Health Impact Assessment to the Question of Hydraulic Fracking in New York State—a talking points document
    By Sandra Steingraber, undated.

INNOVATION: MANAGING RISK, NOT AVOIDING IT. Evidence and Case Studies
    Annual Report of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2014. The report project team was David Bennett, Graeme Collinson, Mike Edbury, Elizabeth Surkovic and Jack Wardle. Published November, 2014.

Star Power The Growing Role of Solar Energy in America
    Written by: Judee Burr and Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group and Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, November, 2014

NYS Supreme Court Decision: Gaebel vs Braunstein
    May 21, 2015 decision..."we conclude that their Lake Huntington residences are, in fact, legitimate ones for voting purposes. Accordingly, Supreme Court erred in declaring the Lake Huntington voters' absentee ballots invalid and directing that their names be stricken from the registry of voters." Allowing 2nd Home Owners to vote at their 2nd home.

Regional air quality impacts of hydraulic fracturing and shale natural gas activity: Evidence from ambient VOC observations
    Authors: Timothy Vinciguerra, Simon Yao, Joseph Dadzie, Alexa Chittams, Thomas Deskins, Sheryl Ehrman, Russell R. Dickerson. Atmospheric Environment, March, 26, 2015.

Ecosystem services lost to oil and gas in North America Net primary production reduced in crop and rangelands
    By Brady W. Allred, W. Kolby Smith, Dirac Twidwell, Julia H. Haggerty, Steven W. Running, David E. Naugle, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf. Science Magazine, April 24, 2015, VOL 348 ISSUE 6233

Letter: Scrutiny of the full lifecycle process of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing (HVHF) must also be applied to Spectra Algonquin Incremental Market (AIM) pipeline expansion project
    Letter dated Feb 5, 2015 to Cuomo, Zucker and Martens signed by 47 organizations and invididuals.

Frackademia in Depth An analysis of the oil and gas industry's case for fracking
    Public Accountability initiative, Feb., 2015

Iodide, Bromide, and Ammonium in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Wastewaters: Environmental Implications
    Authors: Jennifer S. Harkness, Gary S. Dwyer, Nathaniel R. Warner, Kimberly M. Parker §, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh, american Chemical Society, Jan 14, 2015.

The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unusedwhen limiting global warming to 26C
    Letter: Christophe McGlade & Paul Ekins, Nature, Jan 2015

Pipelines Safety And Security: Is It No More Than A Pipe Dream?
    Methane leaks and explodes, Canadian tar sands crude sinks, and computerized control systems are being hacked. Is publicly-acceptable safety and security a realistic prospect?Author: Trudy E. Bell in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, Winter 2015.

The Facts about Kinder Morgan
    by Eric de Place, Dec, 2014. Sightline Institute

Aquifer Exemptions: A first-ever look at the regulatory program that writes off drinking water resources for oil, gas and uranium profits
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report; Jan, 2015. Author: John Noel

Regulating Oil & Gas Activities to Protect Drinking Water: The Safe Drinking Water Act’s Underground Injection Control Program — Overview and Concerns
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report, Jan, 2015.

Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States -- Draft
    US Department of Energy, November 2014

Direct measurements of methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas wells in Pennsylvania
    Study Authors: Mary Kanga, Cynthia M. Kannoa, Matthew C. Reida, Xin Zhangb, Denise L. Mauzeralla, Michael A. Celiaa, Yuheng Chenc, and Tullis C. Onstottc. National Academy of the Sciences, USA, Cross Mark, Nov., 2014.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Liquid Unloadings
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Adam P. Pacsi, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Pneumatic Controllers
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, Adam P. Pacsi, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Deep Drilling, Deep Pockets The Political Expenditures of the Natural Gas Industry In Pennsylvania – 2014 Update
    The Marcellus Money project has been tracking the natural gas (or “fracking”) industry’s campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures in Pennsylvania since 2009, when the Marcellus Shale natural gas boom was moving into high gear. This 2014 update to the project re-focuses the period of analysis to 2007 Cycle 1 – 2014 Cycle 5 (previous releases included data from 2001 forward). The data and more information can be viewed online at www.marcellusmoney.org

BURNING MONEY Updating Rules for Oil and Gas Loss on Federal Lands
    Taxpayers for Common Sense, Making Government Work, November, 2014.

IN THE PITS : Oil and Gas Wastewater Disposal into Open Unlined Pits and the Threat to California’s Water and Air
    Clean Water Action, Clean Water Fund Report, November, 2014

NATURAL GAS EXPORTS: WASHINGTON’S REVOLVING DOOR FUELS CLIMATE THREAT
    Lee Fang from Republic Reports and Steve Horn from De Smog Blog, November, 2014

The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration
    Written by Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard and Shelagh Whitley, Oil Change International and Overseas Development Institute November, 2014

A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Unconventional Gas Development in the United Kingdom
    Environmental, Human Health and Climate Impacts Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations. Commissioned by The Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation. Written by Anna Grear, Evadne Grant, Dr. Tom Kerns, Professor Karen Morrow, Dr. Damien Short. Published October 30, 2014

Air concentrations of volatile compounds near oil and gas production: a community-based exploratory study
    Authors: Gregg P Macey, Ruth Breech, Mark Chernaik, Caroline Cox, Denny Larson, Deb Thomas and David O Carpenter for Environmental Health. Published October 30, 2014

DRILLING DEEPER A REALITY CHECK ON U.S. GOVERNMENT FORECASTS FOR A LASTING TIGHT OIL & SHALE GAS BOOM
    by J. David Hughes, Post Carbon Institute, October, 2014

Drilling in California: Who’s at Risk?
    Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman, Natural Resources Defense Council, Posted October, 2014.

FOOD, FOSSIL FUELS AND FILTHY FINANCE
    Oxfam Briefing Paper 191, October 17, 2014

FRACKING’S TOXIC LOOPHOLE Thanks to the “Halliburton Loophole,” Hydraulic Fracturing Companies Are Injecting Chemicals More Toxic than Diesel
    Environmental Integrity Project, October 22, 2014. This report was researched and written by Eric Schaeffer and Courtney Bernhardt. The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws.

Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines
    Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines on Residential Property Assessment In Ontario 2012 Assessment Base Year Study. Municipal Property Assessment Corp.

MATERIAL RISKS: HOW PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IS SLOWING TAR SANDS DEVELOPMENT
    This paper was conceived, written and researched collectively by Tom Sanzillo, Lorne Stockman, Deborah Rogers, Hannah McKinnon, Elizabeth Bast, and Steve Kretzmann with assistance and/or additional contributions from Adam Wolfensohn, and Amin Asadollahi for the Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis, October, 2014.



Drivers of the US CO2 emissions 1997–2013
    Kuishuang Feng, Steven J. Davis, Laixiang Sun, & Klaus Hubacek. Published July 21, 2015, Nature Communications Fossil fuel CO2 emissions in the United States decreased by B11% between 2007 and 2013, from 6,023 to 5,377 Mt. This decline has been widely attributed to a shift from the use of coal to natural gas in US electricity production. However, the factors driving the decline have not been quantitatively evaluated; the role of natural gas in the decline therefore remains speculative.

Drivers of the US CO2 emissions 1997–2013: Abstract
    Authors: Kuishuang Feng, Steven J. Davis, Laixiang Sun & Klaus Hubacek. Published July 21, 2015. Nature Communications

Unconventional Gas and Oil Drilling Is Associated with Increased Hospital Utilization Rates
    Authors: Thomas Jemielita , George L. Gerton , Matthew Neidell, Steven Chillrud, Beizhan Yan, Martin Stute, Marilyn Howarth, Pouné Saberi, Nicholas Fausti, Trevor M. Penning, Jason Roy, Kathleen J. Propert, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr. Published July 15, 2015 Funded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Using Multi-Scale Measurements to Improve Methane Emission Estimates from Oil and Gas Operations in the Barnett Shale Region, Texas
    Environmental Defense Fund Study, July, 2015. Authors: Robert Harriss, Ramon A. Alvarez, David Lyon, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Drew Nelson, and Steven P. Hamburg. Published in Environmental Science & Technology.

SHINING REWARDS The Value of Rooftop Solar Power for Consumers and Society
    Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group & Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, Summer 2015.

Onshore Petroleum and Natural Gas Operations on Federal and Tribal Lands in the United States Analysis of Emissions and Abatement Opportunities
    ICF International Report, June 22, 2015. Project Scope and Objective 1. Characterize natural gas and methane emissions from federal and tribal lands • By state • By segment (Production, Gathering, Processing, Transmission, and Storage) • By emission source (e.g., pneumatics, compressors, flaring) 2. Determine the value of gas lost due to venting, flaring, and fugitives from federal and tribal lands 3. Determine the potential for mitigation on federal and tribal lands • Estimate any differences in cost efficiency of reduction options between National and federal/ tribal lands

NEW ENERGY OUTLOOK 2015 POWERING A CHANGING WORLD
    New Energy Outlook (NEO) is Bloomberg New Energy Finance's annual long-term view of how the world's power markets will evolve in the future. Lead Author: Seb Henbest, Elena Giannakopoulou, June, 2015

FRACKING POLLUTION: HOW TOXIC CHEMICALS FROM FRACKING COULD AFFECT WILDLIFE AND PEOPLE IN THE UK AND EU
    CHEM Trust Protecting humans and wildlife from harmful chemicals. Report authors: Dr. Michael Warhust, Gwen Buck and Phillip Lightowlers.

A Comprehensive Analysis of Groundwater Quality in The Barnett Shale Region
    Report by Environmental Science & Technology, June 7, 2015. Authors: Zacariah Louis Hildenbrand, Doug D Carlton, Brian Fontenot, Jesse M. Meik, Jayme Walton, Josh Taylor, Jonathan Thacker, Stephanie Korlie, C. Phillip Shelor, Drew Henderson, Akinde Florence Kadjo, Corey Roelke, Paul F. Hudak, Taylour Burton, Hanadi S. Rifai, and Kevin A. Schug

An Evaluation of Water Quality in Private Drinking Water Wells Near Natural Gas Extraction Sites in the Barnett Shale Formation
    Abstract. Study authors: Brian E. Fontenot, Laura R. Hunt, Zacariah L. Hildenbrand, Doug D. Carlton Jr., Hyppolite Oka, Jayme L. Walton, Dan Hopkins, Alexandra Osorio, Bryan Bjorndal, Qinhong H. Hu, and Kevin A. Schug. July 25, 20134

NEW TRACERS CAN IDENTIFY FRACKING FLUIDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
    Authors: Avner Vengosh and Robert Jackson, Duke University. Scientists have developed new geochemical tracers that can identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. Published October 20, 2014

Warning Sign: Toxic air Pollution Identified at Oil and Gas Development Sites
    Results from Community Air Monitoring Reveal Chemicals Linked to Health Hazards. Published by Coming Clean and Global Community Monitor. Published October, 2014

Safety Advisory Bulletin - Guidance for Pipeline Flow Reversals, Product Changes and Conversion to Service
    Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration September, 2014

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Development
    NYS Department of Health report, Dec 2014

Drilling Down: Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    New York Public Interest Research Group December 2014; authors Russ Haven & Cathleen Breen.

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    NRDC Issue Brief; Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman.

Public Perceptions of the Health Consequences of Global Warming
    George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication, Oct., 2014

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    Report by Concerned Health Professionals of NY, 2nd Edition, Dec 11, 2014

Managing the Risks of Hydraulic Fracturing ?
    Fraser Institute Report by Kenneth P. Green, posted Dec, 2014.

2014 DISCLOSING THE FACTS: TRANSPARENCY AND RISK IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
    AUTHORS Richard Liroff, Investor Environmental Health Network Danielle Fugere, As You Sow Lucia von Reusner, Green Century Capital Management, Inc. Steven Heim, Boston Common Asset Management, LLC, posted Dec, 2014

Environmental Funding in New York State
    Report by Thomas P. DiNapoli New York State Comptroller, Prepared by the Office of Budget and Policy Analysis

Unsafe & Unsustainable: Experts Review the Center for Sustainable Shale Development’s Performance Standards for Shale Gas Development
    prepared for The Delaware Riverkeeper Network, 2014

Waste Not: Common Sense Ways to Reduce Methane Pollution from the Oil and Natural Gas Industry
    Clean Air Task Force Report Summary. The full report will be available in Dec, 2014. Earthjustice, Earthworks, and Environmental Defense Fund have reviewed this report. The full text of the report will be available online at http://catf.us/resources/publications/view/205

Climate Solutions for a Stronger America: A Guide for Engaging and Winning on Climage Change & Clean Energy
    2nd Edition, 2014; Authors Betsy Taylor and Kathy Washienko, Breakthrough Strategies & Solutions, Inc.


    Crispin Pierce, Kristin Walters, Jeron Jacobson and Zachary Kroening University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire; Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press). Abstract: The rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction in the U.S. has led to more than 140 permitted “frac” sand mines and processing plants in Wisconsin.

PM2.5 Airborne Particulates near Frac Sand Operations--Acceptance Letter
    Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press).

Video: FRACK US: the dangers of gas fracking.
    RT Documentary--53 minutes. Published on Oct 10, 2014 All across the USA people are rising up against fracking. They don’t believe the process is safe and think it causes wide-scale land contamination. Ever more extraction sites are being approved and developed with new plant being built in once idyllic landscapes.

Department of the Army Letter: Permit Application by Constitution Pipeline Co., LLC
    Letter dated Oct 8, 2014 regarding construction of a new 124-mile-long natural gas pipeline.

Strengthening the EPA’s Clean Power Plan Increasing renewable energy use will achieve greater emissions reductions
    Union of Concerned Scientists Policy Brief, Oct. 2014. Document also available at: www.ucsusa.org/renewablesandcleanpowerplan

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Wilderness Society Report by Stratus Consulting, Sept, 2014

Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas
    Nature, Oct, 2014. Authors: Haewon McJeon, Jae Edmonds, Nico Bauer, Leon Clarke, Brian Fisher, Brian P. Flannery, Jérôme Hilaire, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Raymond Mi, Keywan Riahi, Holger Rogner & Massimo Tavoni "Our results show that although market penetration of globally abundant gas may substantially change the future energy system, it is not necessarily an effective substitute for climate change mitigation policy9, 10.:

Upper Delaware River Basin: One of 10 Special Places
    As natural gas extraction expands across the Central Appalachian region, that industrial-scale energy development is encroaching on public lands that are critically important for fishing and hunting. In this report, Trout Unlimited takes a deeper look into those public places, outlining the potential risks posed by gas drilling operations and providing recommendations from sportsmen and women that promote responsible energy development.

The 2001–Present Induced Earthquake Sequence in the Raton Basin of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado
    Authors: Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Ellsworth, Arthur McGarr, and Harley M. Benz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, October 2014,

The URGENT Case for a Ban on Fracking
    Food & Water Watch, Sept 2014

DEP PA Water Supply Determination Letters
    The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities in Pennsylvania

The State Clean Energy Cookbook: A Dozen Recipes for State Action on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Standord Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance and Hoover Institutiion's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, posted September, 2014.

Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
    by Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (Formerly the Journal of Environmental Monitoring), August13, 2014; abstract.

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    August 2014., Creative Commons, Oregon Sierra Club.

TOXIC WORKPLACE: Fracking Hazards on the Job
    Food & Water Watch, August 2014.

Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
    How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement Published: August 7, 2014 by Earthworks By: Nadia Steinzor -

FEMA Mitigation Policy: Limits on Subsurface Uses of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquired Lands
    Policy Number: FP 302-405-146-1, May 5, 2014

Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased CO2
    AUGUST 2014 EARTHWORKST OIL & GAS ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    Oregon Sierra Club, Ted Gleichman, editor. August, 2014

Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland
    July 2014 Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health School of Public Health University of Maryland, College Park

Open Letter from members of Congress to Obama
    "To enhance our nations' energy security and reliability and to protect our environment, methane emissions must be reduced. Letter signed by 49 members of Congress. May 14, 2014

Anatomy of an Industry Front Group How the oil and gas industry runs the show at the Center for Sustainable Shale Development
    Public Accountability Initiative, August, 2014 report Executive Summary

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World resources Institute Posted Sept, 2014.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks (Exec Summary)
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World Resources Institute, Posted Sept, 2014.

UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
    Western Values Project, May, 2014.

Fracking Brussels: A Who's Who of the EU Shale Gas Lobby
    Friends of the Earth Europe; author Rachel Tansey, published july, 2014

A Summary Report of Perceptions of the Politics and Regulation of Unconventional Shale Development in Texas
    Authors: Sam Gallaher, Doctoral Candidate Jonathan Pierce, Post-Doctoral Scholar Chris Weible, Associate Professor Jennifer Kagan, Graduate Assistant Tanya Heikkila, Associate Professor Benjamin Blair, Research Associate School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado, Denver, July, 2014

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