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ABOUT WHATTHEFRACK.ORG

Whatthefrack.org is a program of Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy, an all-volunteer, grassroots organization that has been working to prohibit dangerous hydraulic fracturing (fracking) since 2008. Catskill Citizens provides one of the best websites in the country on fracking including an extensive Newsroom and a comprehensive Learn More section. Our Action Alerts make it easy for you to contact your elected officials in just a matter of seconds. Because we have an all-volunteer staff, all the money we raise goes directly into the fight against fracking. Please donate generously.

We support the American Clean Energy Agenda. Find out how your organization can also lend its support info@whatthefrack.org.

Contact:

info@whatthefrack.org

212 537 9249
PO Box 103 Fremont Center, NY 12736

FEATURED VIDEO

Cheryl LaFleur, chairman of the FERC, discusses her agency's role in the Obama administration's plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from power plants at a National Press Club luncheon Jan. 27, 2015.

Other Videos of Interest:


New York State is Safe from Fracking! THANK YOU! December 17th 2014


Fracking 101-National Sierra Club


Democracy Now! - Blockade at Seneca Lake




WHAT YOU CAN DO

ASK PRESIDENT OBAMA TO STAND STRONG ON KEYSTONE Take Action!
Tell Congress to deny fast track status to TPP! Take Action!
GOVERNOR CUOMO VETO PORT AMBROSE Take Action!

WHAT THE PRESIDENT DID NOT SAY

In a State of the Union Address devoted almost entirely to middle class and economic concerns, President Obama paid scant attention to energy policy and climate change. He claimed that the U.S. is now "number one" in both oil and gas production and wind power, but he didn't propose any new initiatives to promote renewable energy. Similarly, he noted the devastating impacts of climate change, but didn't offer any concrete plans to combat it. The words "greenhouse gases" were never mentioned.



The Keystone XL pipeline was never mentioned by name either, although the president did allude to it as "a single pipeline" that would create only a small fraction of the jobs that could be generated if the nation were to embark on a comprehensive program rebuilding our infrastructure. Should this be taken as a hint that the president will ultimately kill Keystone? Maybe. Maybe not. So far he's only promised to veto a bill passed by House Republicans that would strip him of his decision-making authority.

TPP: AN UNHOLY ALLIANCE

Whatever disagreements President Obama and the Republican-controlled Congress may have regarding Keystone XL, it appears they are on the same page when it comes to the Trans Pacific Partnership. Just hours after his party won a majority of the seats in the Senate, Senator Mitch McConnell singled out "trade agreements" as an area where his party and the president can work together. This was widely interpreted as support for TPP, a trade agreement that critics say will undermine food safety, labor laws, and environmental protections.

More than 600 corporate lobbyists helped write the agreement, which was negotiated in secret and has been withheld from the American public. If its supporters get their way, Congress will grant TPP "fast track" status, which will deprive our elected representatives of the opportunity to change even a word of the agreement before putting it to a vote. The most insidious feature of TPP is that it would take precedence over the laws of the United States. If a corporation believes that a state or federal law stands in the way of a chance to make a profit , it can haul the U.S. before an international investor-state tribunal and sue for damages. For example, under TPP, a foreign or multinational gas company that holds leases in New York State could sue the U.S. federal government for damages because of the state's prohibition on high-volume fracking. Far fetched? Not really. Right now, a U.S. based drilling company is using a similar provision in the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to sue the Canadian government because the province of Quebec banned drilling under the St. Lawrence River.

WHITE HOUSE ANNOUNCES NEW
METHANE RULES


On the face of it, the administration's plan to cut methane emissions by up to 45 percent by 2025 appears to be a bold move, but as always, the devil is in the details:
  • The proposed rules would apply only to new and modified oil and gas production, not existing facilities, which will remain the major source of methane emissions for many years to come. As Earthworks' Executive Director Jennifer Krill noted, "Global warming doesn't care if a greenhouse gas source is new or old, and neither should these rules."

  • One new rule would "streamline permitting oil and gas production on certain tribal lands" in order to ensure that "oil and gas production continue to grow and expand." This is directly at odds with the goal of combatting climate change. As Sierra Club Executive Director Michael Brune observed, "Continued reliance on dirty fossil fuels is a dangerous course for our communities and our climate. Numerous scientific articles now point to the need to keep more than two-thirds of our fossil fuels in the ground in order to avoid climate chaos."

  • In announcing the proposed methane rules, the administration asserted that the climate-impact potential of methane is twenty-five times greater than that of carbon dioxide over a hundred-year time period. This figure is outdated and inaccurate: the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has found that methane has a Global Warming Potential (GWP) thirty-four times that of CO2 over one hundred years. Moreover, even this higher figure is largely irrelevant, because we don't have a hundred years to address the impact of climate change. In a letter to the EPA, a group of leading scientists has called upon the agency to join the IPCC in referencing the GWP of methane as eighty-six times greater than carbon dioxide over a twenty-year time period.

  • Scientists have also expressed concern that the 2012 baseline data used to measure emission reductions underestimates emissions from the oil and gas industry, and that means reduction goals are much more modest than they appear to be.

  • As Cornell University Professor Robert Howarth put it in an email to colleagues, "The data increasingly show that EPA has grossly underestimated methane emissions, and they are mischaracterizing the major sources. A policy based on such tortured science cannot lead to a real solution."

Economic Impact of Shale Gas Drilling

Read Selected Documents Authored by Jannette M. Barth, Ph.D.

Can New York Learn from Texas?. Economist Jannette Barth's latest analysis of the economic impact of shale gas plays.

Read more about LNG exports by entering the word "exports" in the Search feature of our website.

LATEST NEWS

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Search All News Items

Jan 28, 2015
    AGL suspend fracking at Gloucester after dangerous chemicals detected

    The Newcastle Herald
    Matthew Kelly
    UPDATE: THE NSW Environment Protection Authority has slammed AGL for not revealing the results of its BTEX monitoring sooner. “AGL informed the EPA that it was aware of these elevated levels of BTEX chemicals on 15 January, but it did not make these results known to the EPA or the public until t...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    State poised to lift ban on LNG storage sites

    Democrat & Chronicle
    Jon Campbell
    ALBANY – New York is poised to allow new storage facilities for liquefied natural gas for the first time since the 1970s. Gov. Andrew Cuomo's administration on Wednesday is set to announce it will finalize regulations that will allow new liquefied natural gas — or LNG — storage centers outside...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    Map: Obama's Offshore Drilling Plan

    InsideClimate News
    Naveena Sadasivam
    Southern states see a bonanza, environmentalists see mixed signals from Obama on climate change as moratorium ends after almost three decades.   [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    Cuomo administration facing key pipeline decisions

    Capital New York
    Scott Waldman
    ALBANY—A key decision over two proposed pipelines that would bring natural gas from the Marcellus shale in other states through New York now rests with the state Department of Environmental Conservation. Governor Andrew Cuomo has already expanded the state's reliance on natural gas even as he ban...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
Jan 28, 2015
Jan 28, 2015
    N.Y. finalizes rules to allow liquefied natural gas sites

    The Journal News
    Jon Campbell
    ALBANY – New York is poised to allow new storage facilities for liquefied natural gas for the first time since the 1970s. Gov. Andrew Cuomo's administration is to announce Wednesday it will finalize regulations to allow new LNG storage centers outside New York City, capping the amount that can be...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    House passes bill to speed up liquefied natural gas exports

    The Hill
    Timothy Cama and Cristina Marcos
    The House on Wednesday passed legislation to expedite the federal approval process for liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports. It was approved 277-133, with 41 Democrats voting in favor of the measure sponsored by Rep. Bill Johnson (R-Ohio).  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    The Catskills Gets Its Groove Back, With Brooklyn’s Help

    The Daily Beast
    Brandon Presser
    Suddenly, “the Catskills” is everywhere, branded and proud. First you notice the word on the cheese at the local greenmarket, then you try Catskills craft brew at your favorite pub, the Catskills then makes the news when its casino plans get the go-ahead, and finally you hear it when Governor Cuomo’...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    DEC chief: State can revisit fracking ban, but won’t in ‘near term’

    The Journal News
    Jon Campbell
    New York’s planned ban on large-scale hydraulic fracturing can be revisited by the state at any point, but likely won’t be in the near future, the state’s top environmental regulator said Wednesday. Environmental Conservation Commissioner Joseph Martens testified before about two dozen state lawm...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
    Scotland announces moratorium on fracking for shale gas

    The Guardian
    Libby Brooks
    The Scottish government has announced a moratorium on all planning consents for unconventional oil and gas extraction, including fracking. Welcomed by campaigners as “a very big nail in the coffin for the unconventional gas and fracking industry in Scotland”, energy minister Fergus Ewing told the...  [Full Story]
Jan 28, 2015
Jan 28, 2015
    State Senate unanimously approves gas royalty bills

    NPR State Impact PA
    MARIE CUSICK
    The state Senate unanimously approved two bills Wednesday that aim to give more protections to people who earn royalty money from oil and gas drilling. Both bills were approved by the Senate last year but died in the House. SB 147 would require drillers to disclose more information on royalty che...  [Full Story]
Jan 27, 2015
    Safety Board: Systemic Flaws in Gas Pipelines Oversight

    ABC News
    Joan Lowy AP
    Accident investigators say there are systemic weaknesses in the way natural gas providers protect against the rupture of major, high-pressure pipelines in populated areas. They are pointing to three powerful accidents in California, Florida and West Virginia in recent years. A report by the Natio...  [Full Story]
Jan 27, 2015
    Obama seeks to open Atlantic to oil, gas drilling

    Politico
    Darren Goode
    The Obama administration will propose an unprecedented opening of the waters off the Atlantic coast for oil and natural gas drilling, even as it puts vast areas in the Arctic off limits, according to sources familiar with the plan. The Interior Department’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management’s new f...  [Full Story]
Jan 27, 2015
Jan 27, 2015
    Regulating pipelines: Whose job is it?

    Penn Live
    Candy Woodall
    There are thousands of miles of pipelines moving through Pennsylvania, but no single state or federal agency seems to know exactly how many or specifically where they are located. The state Department of Environmental Protection doesn't have a list like that, though it does have a comprehensive m...  [Full Story]
Jan 27, 2015
    House approves bill overhauling natural gas pipeline permits

    Pennsylvania Business Daily
    Amanda Rupp
    The U.S. House of Representatives approved the Natural Gas Pipeline Permitting Reform Act bipartisan bill (H.R. 161) last week, legislation that could speed up the permit process for the construction of natural gas pipelines. Co-sponsored by Rep. Tim Murphy (R-PA), the bill seeks to eliminate per...  [Full Story]
Jan 27, 2015
Jan 27, 2015

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NEW YORK: THE STATE OF THE STATE

Governor Andrew Cuomo has prohibited high-volume fracking and outlined ambitious plans to build out renewable energy supplies. But while these are important, even historic steps, New York is still besieged by a raft of fracking-related projects and practices that will contaminate our air and water, endanger public health, and create climate chaos. In 2015, we must commit ourselves to the proposition that New Yorkers are entitled to an entirely frack-free future.

Please take a minute to send letters to the appropriate state and federal officials asking them to take action on each of these important issues. And remember, if you customize your letters they'll have even greater impact.


Landfills in the Take Action!Southern Tier continue to accept toxic, radioactive drill cuttings from gas extraction operations in Pennsylvania. The DEC has studied the dangers associated with these waste products and has the authority to protect the public. Ask DEC Commissioner Joe Martens to prohibit the disposal of high-volume Marcellus frack waste in New York State.


A proposed LNG Take Action!deepwater port to be constructed off Long Island will displace a proposed offshore wind farm and serve as a prime terrorist target. Port Ambrose will probably never imported liquefied natural gas because it's much more expensive than domestic shale gas. If constructed, this port is likely to be used to export fracked gas to overseas markets. Tell the Maritime Administration that this speculative project is unwanted and unneeded.


The 124-mile Take Action!long Constitution Pipeline will cut through five central New York counties to bring shale gas from Pennsylvania to the Northeast and overseas markets. Ask the DEC to kill this ill-conceived project by withholding a water quality permit for a pipeline that is liable to harm wetlands and drinking-water supplies.

Stop the Pipeline Find out what else you can do to derail the "unconstitutional" pipeline here.



A new 42-inchTake Action! gas pipeline beneath the Hudson River next to the nuclear reactor at Indian Point will be an accident waiting to happen. The giant compressor stations that will push gas through the pipeline are sure to contaminate the air with cancer-causing chemicals. Tell the DEC to block the AIM pipeline by withholding the required Title V air permit.

Stop the Pipeline Learn more about the problems with the Algonquin-Iroquois pipeline expansion here.





Western Take Action! New York and the Hudson River Valley are endangered by "bomb trains" and barges transporting billions of gallons of explosive crude oil to refineries on the Eastern seaboard. Call on U.S. Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx to prohibit the use of the unsafe tanker cars that have been responsible for several explosions.


A giant gas Take Action!and propane storage facility on the shores of Seneca Lake threatens New York's premier wine-growing region and one of the state's most important tourist destinations. The DEC still has the opportunity to block propane storage on the shores of the lake. Ask Governor Cuomo to direct the DEC to withhold permits for this project.


NEW YORK GOES GREEN

Within the last year, New York has taken tremendous strides toward a renewable energy future. In April, Governor Cuomo committed one billion dollars to the NY-Sun Initiative, which provides homeowners and small businesses with low-cost loans to finance photovoltaic installations. In December, the state made more than two hundred million dollars available for two large hydroelectric projects and two wind farms in upstate New York.

On the policy front, the governor has expressed support for Community Choice Aggregation (CCA), which the Public Service Commission has made a cornerstone of its Reforming the Energy Vision. Jen Metzger, one of the founders of Citizens for Local Power, has been in the forefront of bringing CCAs to New York. She describes them as an "incredibly promising tool" that can be "used to get a handle on energy costs and volatile prices and increase investment at the local level in renewable generation."

The PSC is currently accepting comments on its White Paper about CCAs.


FEDERAL CLIMATE GUIDELINES

Last month, the White House Council on Environmental Quality released draft guidelines for all federal agencies directing them to consider "the potential effects of a proposed action on climate change as indicated by its GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions." If and when these guidelines are adopted, they may have an impact on the decisions being made by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which has routinely granted licenses for pipelines, compressor stations and gas-fired power plants while refusing to consider climate impacts of the projects it approves.



Donate

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Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy,
an all-volunteer grassroots organization.



NEW ITEMS IN LEARN MORE

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Fracking Failures - Oil and Gas Industry Environmental Violations in Pennsylvania and What They Mean for the U.S.
    Written by: Jeff Inglis, Frontier Group, John Rumpler, Environment America Research & Policy Center, January 27, 2015

Offshore Energy by the Numbers
    An Economic Analysis of Offshore Drilling and Wind Energy in the Atlantic. ANDREW MENAQUALE January 2015 for Oceana

Potential Consumer Price Impacts of Efforts to Rapidly Expand Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas
    by Alison Cassady for Center for American Progress, January 27, 2015

Administration Takes Steps Forward on Climate Announcing Actions to Cut Methane Emissions
    White House Press Release, January 14, 2015.

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    2nd edition December 11, 2014.

Developmental and reproductive effects of chemicals associated with unconventional oil and natural gas operations
    Written by Ellen Webb, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Amanda Cheng, Christopher D. Kassotis,Victoria Balise and Susan C. Nagel DeGruyter, December, 2014

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing For Shale Gas Development
    New York State Department of Health, December 17, 2014.

Draft Guidelines for Energy Infrastructure Development
    Guidance on when and how to consider greenhouse gas emissions and climate change for all Federal actions. December 2014

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    Published by NRDC, December, 2014.

Towards an understanding of the environmental and public health impacts of shale gas development: an analysis of the peer-reviewed scientific literature, 2009-2014
    December 10, 2014.

Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Port Ambrose
    Released December 9, 2014 and open for public comment

Global Shale Gas & Drinking Ground Water Reserves & Earthquake Regions
    Sources: WVGISTC, WVU, WRI, UNESCO, USGS, NASA; posted December, 2014.

Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    Published by NYPIRG, December 2014.

Letter from Economist Jannette Barth to Governor Andrew Cuomo
    The true economic impact of fracking. December 4, 2014

Fracking Frenzy: How the Fracking Industry is Threatening the Planet
    Friends of the Earth Europe, December, 2014.

Bringing a Health Impact Assessment to the Question of Hydraulic Fracking in New York State—a talking points document
    By Sandra Steingraber, undated.

INNOVATION: MANAGING RISK, NOT AVOIDING IT. Evidence and Case Studies
    Annual Report of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2014. The report project team was David Bennett, Graeme Collinson, Mike Edbury, Elizabeth Surkovic and Jack Wardle. Published November, 2014.

Star Power The Growing Role of Solar Energy in America
    Written by: Judee Burr and Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group and Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, November, 2014

Iodide, Bromide, and Ammonium in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Wastewaters: Environmental Implications
    Authors: Jennifer S. Harkness, Gary S. Dwyer, Nathaniel R. Warner, Kimberly M. Parker §, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh, american Chemical Society, Jan 14, 2015.

The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unusedwhen limiting global warming to 26C
    Letter: Christophe McGlade & Paul Ekins, Nature, Jan 2015

Pipelines Safety And Security: Is It No More Than A Pipe Dream?
    Methane leaks and explodes, Canadian tar sands crude sinks, and computerized control systems are being hacked. Is publicly-acceptable safety and security a realistic prospect?Author: Trudy E. Bell in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, Winter 2015.

The Facts about Kinder Morgan
    by Eric de Place, Dec, 2014. Sightline Institute

Aquifer Exemptions: A first-ever look at the regulatory program that writes off drinking water resources for oil, gas and uranium profits
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report; Jan, 2015. Author: John Noel

Regulating Oil & Gas Activities to Protect Drinking Water: The Safe Drinking Water Act’s Underground Injection Control Program — Overview and Concerns
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report, Jan, 2015.

Direct measurements of methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas wells in Pennsylvania
    Study Authors: Mary Kanga, Cynthia M. Kannoa, Matthew C. Reida, Xin Zhangb, Denise L. Mauzeralla, Michael A. Celiaa, Yuheng Chenc, and Tullis C. Onstottc. National Academy of the Sciences, USA, Cross Mark, Nov., 2014.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Liquid Unloadings
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Adam P. Pacsi, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Pneumatic Controllers
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, Adam P. Pacsi, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Deep Drilling, Deep Pockets The Political Expenditures of the Natural Gas Industry In Pennsylvania – 2014 Update
    The Marcellus Money project has been tracking the natural gas (or “fracking”) industry’s campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures in Pennsylvania since 2009, when the Marcellus Shale natural gas boom was moving into high gear. This 2014 update to the project re-focuses the period of analysis to 2007 Cycle 1 – 2014 Cycle 5 (previous releases included data from 2001 forward). The data and more information can be viewed online at www.marcellusmoney.org

BURNING MONEY Updating Rules for Oil and Gas Loss on Federal Lands
    Taxpayers for Common Sense, Making Government Work, November, 2014.

IN THE PITS : Oil and Gas Wastewater Disposal into Open Unlined Pits and the Threat to California’s Water and Air
    Clean Water Action, Clean Water Fund Report, November, 2014

NATURAL GAS EXPORTS: WASHINGTON’S REVOLVING DOOR FUELS CLIMATE THREAT
    Lee Fang from Republic Reports and Steve Horn from De Smog Blog, November, 2014

The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration
    Written by Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard and Shelagh Whitley, Oil Change International and Overseas Development Institute November, 2014

A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Unconventional Gas Development in the United Kingdom
    Environmental, Human Health and Climate Impacts Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations. Commissioned by The Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation. Written by Anna Grear, Evadne Grant, Dr. Tom Kerns, Professor Karen Morrow, Dr. Damien Short. Published October 30, 2014

Air concentrations of volatile compounds near oil and gas production: a community-based exploratory study
    Authors: Gregg P Macey, Ruth Breech, Mark Chernaik, Caroline Cox, Denny Larson, Deb Thomas and David O Carpenter for Environmental Health. Published October 30, 2014

DRILLING DEEPER A REALITY CHECK ON U.S. GOVERNMENT FORECASTS FOR A LASTING TIGHT OIL & SHALE GAS BOOM
    by J. David Hughes, Post Carbon Institute, October, 2014

Drilling in California: Who’s at Risk?
    Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman, Natural Resources Defense Council, Posted October, 2014.

FOOD, FOSSIL FUELS AND FILTHY FINANCE
    Oxfam Briefing Paper 191, October 17, 2014

FRACKING’S TOXIC LOOPHOLE Thanks to the “Halliburton Loophole,” Hydraulic Fracturing Companies Are Injecting Chemicals More Toxic than Diesel
    Environmental Integrity Project, October 22, 2014. This report was researched and written by Eric Schaeffer and Courtney Bernhardt. The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws.

Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines
    Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines on Residential Property Assessment In Ontario 2012 Assessment Base Year Study. Municipal Property Assessment Corp.

MATERIAL RISKS: HOW PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IS SLOWING TAR SANDS DEVELOPMENT
    This paper was conceived, written and researched collectively by Tom Sanzillo, Lorne Stockman, Deborah Rogers, Hannah McKinnon, Elizabeth Bast, and Steve Kretzmann with assistance and/or additional contributions from Adam Wolfensohn, and Amin Asadollahi for the Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis, October, 2014.

NEW TRACERS CAN IDENTIFY FRACKING FLUIDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
    Authors: Avner Vengosh and Robert Jackson, Duke University. Scientists have developed new geochemical tracers that can identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. Published October 20, 2014

Warning Sign: Toxic air Pollution Identified at Oil and Gas Development Sites
    Results from Community Air Monitoring Reveal Chemicals Linked to Health Hazards. Published by Coming Clean and Global Community Monitor. Published October, 2014

Safety Advisory Bulletin - Guidance for Pipeline Flow Reversals, Product Changes and Conversion to Service
    Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration September, 2014

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Development
    NYS Department of Health report, Dec 2014

Drilling Down: Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    New York Public Interest Research Group December 2014; authors Russ Haven & Cathleen Breen.

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    NRDC Issue Brief; Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman.

Public Perceptions of the Health Consequences of Global Warming
    George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication, Oct., 2014

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    Report by Concerned Health Professionals of NY, 2nd Edition, Dec 11, 2014

Managing the Risks of Hydraulic Fracturing ?
    Fraser Institute Report by Kenneth P. Green, posted Dec, 2014.

2014 DISCLOSING THE FACTS: TRANSPARENCY AND RISK IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
    AUTHORS Richard Liroff, Investor Environmental Health Network Danielle Fugere, As You Sow Lucia von Reusner, Green Century Capital Management, Inc. Steven Heim, Boston Common Asset Management, LLC, posted Dec, 2014

Environmental Funding in New York State
    Report by Thomas P. DiNapoli New York State Comptroller, Prepared by the Office of Budget and Policy Analysis

Unsafe & Unsustainable: Experts Review the Center for Sustainable Shale Development’s Performance Standards for Shale Gas Development
    prepared for The Delaware Riverkeeper Network, 2014

Waste Not: Common Sense Ways to Reduce Methane Pollution from the Oil and Natural Gas Industry
    Clean Air Task Force Report Summary. The full report will be available in Dec, 2014. Earthjustice, Earthworks, and Environmental Defense Fund have reviewed this report. The full text of the report will be available online at http://catf.us/resources/publications/view/205



Climate Solutions for a Stronger America: A Guide for Engaging and Winning on Climage Change & Clean Energy
    2nd Edition, 2014; Authors Betsy Taylor and Kathy Washienko, Breakthrough Strategies & Solutions, Inc.

"PM2.5 Airborne Particulates" Abstract
    Crispin Pierce, Kristin Walters, Jeron Jacobson and Zachary Kroening University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire; Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press). Abstract: The rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction in the U.S. has led to more than 140 permitted “frac” sand mines and processing plants in Wisconsin.

PM2.5 Airborne Particulates near Frac Sand Operations--Acceptance Letter
    Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press).

Video: FRACK US: the dangers of gas fracking.
    RT Documentary--53 minutes. Published on Oct 10, 2014 All across the USA people are rising up against fracking. They don’t believe the process is safe and think it causes wide-scale land contamination. Ever more extraction sites are being approved and developed with new plant being built in once idyllic landscapes.

Department of the Army Letter: Permit Application by Constitution Pipeline Co., LLC
    Letter dated Oct 8, 2014 regarding construction of a new 124-mile-long natural gas pipeline.

Strengthening the EPA’s Clean Power Plan Increasing renewable energy use will achieve greater emissions reductions
    Union of Concerned Scientists Policy Brief, Oct. 2014. Document also available at: www.ucsusa.org/renewablesandcleanpowerplan

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Wilderness Society Report by Stratus Consulting, Sept, 2014

Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas
    Nature, Oct, 2014. Authors: Haewon McJeon, Jae Edmonds, Nico Bauer, Leon Clarke, Brian Fisher, Brian P. Flannery, Jérôme Hilaire, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Raymond Mi, Keywan Riahi, Holger Rogner & Massimo Tavoni "Our results show that although market penetration of globally abundant gas may substantially change the future energy system, it is not necessarily an effective substitute for climate change mitigation policy9, 10.:

Upper Delaware River Basin: One of 10 Special Places
    As natural gas extraction expands across the Central Appalachian region, that industrial-scale energy development is encroaching on public lands that are critically important for fishing and hunting. In this report, Trout Unlimited takes a deeper look into those public places, outlining the potential risks posed by gas drilling operations and providing recommendations from sportsmen and women that promote responsible energy development.

The 2001–Present Induced Earthquake Sequence in the Raton Basin of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado
    Authors: Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Ellsworth, Arthur McGarr, and Harley M. Benz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, October 2014,

The URGENT Case for a Ban on Fracking
    Food & Water Watch, Sept 2014

DEP PA Water Supply Determination Letters
    The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities in Pennsylvania

The State Clean Energy Cookbook: A Dozen Recipes for State Action on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Standord Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance and Hoover Institutiion's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, posted September, 2014.

Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
    by Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (Formerly the Journal of Environmental Monitoring), August13, 2014; abstract.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World resources Institute Posted Sept, 2014.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks (Exec Summary)
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World Resources Institute, Posted Sept, 2014.

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    August 2014., Creative Commons, Oregon Sierra Club.

TOXIC WORKPLACE: Fracking Hazards on the Job
    Food & Water Watch, August 2014.

Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
    How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement Published: August 7, 2014 by Earthworks By: Nadia Steinzor -

FEMA Mitigation Policy: Limits on Subsurface Uses of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquired Lands
    Policy Number: FP 302-405-146-1, May 5, 2014

Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased CO2
    AUGUST 2014 EARTHWORKST OIL & GAS ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    Oregon Sierra Club, Ted Gleichman, editor. August, 2014

Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland
    July 2014 Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health School of Public Health University of Maryland, College Park

Open Letter from members of Congress to Obama
    "To enhance our nations' energy security and reliability and to protect our environment, methane emissions must be reduced. Letter signed by 49 members of Congress. May 14, 2014

Anatomy of an Industry Front Group How the oil and gas industry runs the show at the Center for Sustainable Shale Development
    Public Accountability Initiative, August, 2014 report Executive Summary

UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
    Western Values Project, May, 2014.

Fracking Brussels: A Who's Who of the EU Shale Gas Lobby
    Friends of the Earth Europe; author Rachel Tansey, published july, 2014

A Summary Report of Perceptions of the Politics and Regulation of Unconventional Shale Development in Texas
    Authors: Sam Gallaher, Doctoral Candidate Jonathan Pierce, Post-Doctoral Scholar Chris Weible, Associate Professor Jennifer Kagan, Graduate Assistant Tanya Heikkila, Associate Professor Benjamin Blair, Research Associate School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado, Denver, July, 2014

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