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ABOUT WHATTHEFRACK.ORG

Whatthefrack.org is a program of Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy, an all-volunteer, grassroots organization that has been working to prohibit dangerous hydraulic fracturing (fracking) since 2008. Catskill Citizens provides one of the best websites in the country on fracking including an extensive Newsroom and a comprehensive Learn More section. Our Action Alerts make it easy for you to contact your elected officials in just a matter of seconds. Because we have an all-volunteer staff, all the money we raise goes directly into the fight against fracking. Please donate generously.

We support the American Clean Energy Agenda. Find out how your organization can also lend its support info@whatthefrack.org.

Contact:

info@whatthefrack.org

212 537 9249
PO Box 103 Fremont Center, NY 12736

FEATURED VIDEO

ROBERT REDFORD: Fracking Puts Our Drinking Water at Risk

Other Videos of Interest:


Clevin gir den Skifergas


Unearthed: Official Trailer


A Tribure to Terry Greenwood




What you can do to prevent fracking.


STUDY: FRACKING DOESN'T CONTAMINATE DRINKING WATER, SHALE GAS WELLS DO

A recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examined eight clusters of drinking water contamination (seven in Pennsylvania and one in the Barnett Shale in Texas) and determined that in each case the underground injection of fracking fluid was not responsible for the elevated levels of methane, ethane, and propane in the drinking water. Instead, the contamination was traced to problems with the construction of the gas wells themselves. These problems include defective cement jobs, defective steel casing, and in one case, well failure. Lead author Thomas Darrah of The Ohio State University characterized this finding as "relatively good news," because improvements in well integrity could potentially reduce the number of contamination incidents.

But this raises an important question—does the industry know how to ensure the integrity of horizontally drilled shale gas wells? Maybe not. Another study (also published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences), examined compliance reports for the tens of thousands of gas wells drilled in Pennsylvania between 2000 and 2012 and found that shale gas wells had cement and casing problems far more often than conventional wells. It "predicted cumulative hazards exceeding 40%."

Another caveat: A single study of several water contamination clusters doesn't prove that fracking per se never contaminates drinking water. In the areas of Pennsylvania and Texas that were studied, the fracked gas formations are more than a mile underground. In other parts of the country where there have also been water contamination incidents, fracking has occurred within just a few hundred feet of nearby water wells. For example, in Pavillion, Wyoming, fracking occurred within 1,000 feet of the surface near water wells that are over 750 feet deep. Stanford University's Robert Jackson, coauthor of the water contamination study, told the Billings Gazette "Pavillion is a much more complicated place than where we looked at. The biggest difference is how near the surface the fracking occurred, and how close to people's water it was."

Read more about well integrity.

WHAT'S FRACKING? LOOK IT UP

The oil and gas industry has been using the term fracking for more than fifty years, but it has only recently found its way into dictionaries. In fact, it took Merriam-Webster until this month to include the word, along with hashtag and selfie. Fracking, of course, is the abbreviated form of hydraulic fracturing and is defined as "the injection of fluid into shale beds at high pressure in order to free up petroleum resources (such as oil or natural gas)." Merriam-Webster doesn't recognize the term as shorthand for the entire process of unconventional oil and gas extraction, which also includes wellpad construction, drilling etc. Words such as fractivist, which clearly connote opposition to all aspects of unconventional drilling, have not yet found their way into the dictionary.

BRIEFLY NOTED:
  • The effect of natural gas supply on U.S. renewable energy and CO2 emissions, a study conducted by University of California, Irvine, Professor Christine Shearer and others and published in Environmental Research Letters, concludes that "increased natural gas use for electricity will not substantially reduce U.S. GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions, and by delaying deployment of renewable energy technologies, may actually exacerbate the climate change problem."

  • Peter Mantius reports on a little-known loophole that permits corporations to avoid paying taxes on their fossil fuel investments. Because these structured investments, known as Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs), are only available for income derived from "depletable" natural resources, wind and solar energy are ineligible. For that reason, Mantius calls MLPs a "reverse carbon tax." The combined market value of these MLPs is now more than $500 billion.

  • At the end of August, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection released a list of 243 private water wells that were damaged by oil and gas extraction.

Donate

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Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy,
an all-volunteer grassroots organization.

Economic Impact of Shale Gas Drilling

Read Selected Documents Authored by Jannette M. Barth, Ph.D.

Can New York Learn from Texas?. Economist Jannette Barth's latest analysis of the economic impact of shale gas plays.

Read more about LNG exports by entering the word "exports" in the Search feature of our website.

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LATEST NEWS

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Oct 19, 2014
Oct 18, 2014
    New rules could limit methane emissions’ effects on the atmosphere

    The Washington Post
    Editorial
    THE OBAMA administration spent all summer mulling new measures to cut air pollution from the booming natural gas industry . Now federal officials are nearing a decision on whether and how to limit emissions from wells, storage tanks and other places from which gas can leak. Whether you believe that ...  [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
    Construction authorized at Freeport LNG

    Fuel Fix
    Jennifer A. Dlouhy
    WASHINGTON — Federal regulators on Friday cleared the way for construction at a planned natural gas exporting facility at Quintana Island, Texas. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission authorized Freeport LNG to start initial site preparation and begin building liquefaction and pre-treating fac...  [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
Oct 18, 2014
    View: Conservation, Pope Francis and fracking

    The Journal News
    Carol De Angelo
    In an argument against fracking in New York, ROAR cites the pope's exhortation that 'This is our sin, exploiting the Earth and not allowing her to give us what she has within her.'  [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
Oct 18, 2014
    Senators speak out against Kinder Morgan’s natural gas pipeline project

    The Berkshire Eagle
    Clarence Fanto
    LENOX -- U.S. Sen. Edward Markey has put the Kinder Morgan energy giant and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on notice -- he plans to closely scrutinize the company’s controversial proposal for a Tennessee Gas Co. high-pressure pipeline through more than 40 Massachusetts communities, includi...  [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
    Southern Illinois Land Owners File Lawsuit Over Fracking

    Tristate Homepage

    Fracking in the tristate remains a hot topic after southern Illinois land owners file a lawsuit against governemnt officials earlier this week. People in downstate Illinois say they've waited long enough. They believe the Department of Natural resources is intentionally slowing down their ability t...  [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
    Earthquake data underscore fracking risk

    Rocky Mount Telegram

    It was either an ironic coincidence or a portent of things to come that nearly 200,000 North Carolinians last week participated in Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drills just a few days after a geological study linked hydraulic fracking to more than 400 tremors last year in Ohio.   [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
    Tax Credits for Energy Industry Are Under Scrutiny

    New York Times
    Jim Malewitz & Neena Satija
    AUSTIN — Susan Combs, the state comptroller, stirred controversy last month when she said Texas’ growing wind energy industry should “stand on its own two feet.” “Billions of dollars of tax credits and property tax limitations on new generation helped grow the industry, but today they give it an ...  [Full Story]
Oct 18, 2014
    Placement of Butler Township well pad questioned

    TribLive
    Rick Wills
    Opponents and even some township officials who voted for Rex Energy's plans to drill for natural gas at Butler Township's Krendale Golf Course are unhappy. The proposed well pad is barely outside the state-mandated set-back from residential areas, and opponents and officials like Joseph Hasychak, c...  [Full Story]
Oct 17, 2014
Oct 17, 2014
    DiNapoli considers the divestment question

    Capital New York
    David Giambusso
    State Comptroller Tom DiNapoli entertained the idea of fuel-based divestment during Wednesday night's debate with Republican challenger Bob Antonacci. Environmental advocates throughout New York state have been lobbying DiNapoli to dump fossil fuels from the state's $176 billion pension fund, par...  [Full Story]
Oct 17, 2014
    Austin Plan for Renewable Energy at Odds With Utility

    The New York Times
    NEENA SATIJA
    AUSTIN — Late this summer, Austin’s City Council trumpeted its commitment to a progressive energy policy by calling for a dramatic expansion in solar power generation, earning accolades from environmental advocates across the country. But the city-owned utility, Austin Energy, has balked at the c...  [Full Story]
Oct 17, 2014
    Join Beyond Extreme Energy Actions in DC

    EcoWatch
    Tim DeChristopher and Rev. Lennox Yearwood
    After the historic and inspiring People’s Climate March and Flood Wall Street actions showed the potential of our growing movement, discussion is taking place about how to put that power into action. The power demonstrated on the streets of New York was a signal that we are big enough and strong eno...  [Full Story]
Oct 17, 2014
Oct 17, 2014
    Fracking: the explosive truth

    The Telegraph
    Geoffrey Lean
    The Government's Infrastructure Bill, allowing firms to frack deep under homes without their owners' permission, will further inflame protestors No one would accuse David Cameron or George Osborne – in the decades-old jibe – of being watermelons, green on the outside, but red on the inside. But cou...  [Full Story]
Oct 17, 2014
Oct 17, 2014
    North Dakota well leaking oil, gas and water

    WHEC
    Associated Press
    WILLISTON, N.D. (AP) — Workers are attempting to contain an out-of-control oil well in North Dakota, authorities said Friday. North Dakota regulators said a well near Watford City in the western part of the state has been leaking oil, gas and water since Thursday. The Oil and Gas Division said 300...  [Full Story]
Oct 17, 2014
    Gas pipeline expansion should alarm homeowners

    The Washington Post
    Marcia Greenberg
    Homeowners and communities are unprepared for an invasion of their cherished private yards and public spaces. The Mid-Atlantic region is facing an expansion of natural gas transport infrastructure that threatens communities’ health, safety and homes. With increased hydraulic fracturing (“fracking...  [Full Story]

More News Items


Please share this link, cut and past to Facebook and Twitter.
http://bit.ly/1pk31Fz
President Obama, it's time to walk the walk on climate change—abandon your dangerous "all of the above" energy policy.

Take Action!




FRACTIVISTS MARCH...

September 20 ~ Tens of thousands of fractivists were among the more than 400,000 marchers who descended on New York City to demand that world leaders take immediate action to address climate change. On the same day, the Global Carbon Initiative reported that worldwide greenhouse gas emissions climbed by 2.3 percent in 2013; U.S. emissions spiked by 2.9 percent.


Photo by Jill Wiener


In a speech before the United Nations the following Tuesday, President Obama noted that, "the climate is changing faster than our ability to address it," and outlined "ambitious" plans to reduce carbon emissions—but he gave no indication that he is ready to abandon his ill-considered "all of the above" energy policy, which because it relies heavily on fracked gas is overloading the atmosphere with methane. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas with a heat-trapping potential that is up to eighty-six times more destructive than carbon dioxide.


...AND FRACKTIVISTS VOTE
Democratic gubernatorial candidate Zephyr Teachout made opposition to fracking central to her campaign, and fracktivists returned the favor. Anti-fracking volunteers played a major role in helping her carry more than half of New York's upstate counties. In several counties with robust anti-fracking movements (Tompkins, Otsego, and Sullivan), Teachout trounced Cuomo by a more than two-to-one margin.

But while there's no doubt that anti-frackers have emerged as a potent political force, there were also some sobering results. Incumbent Governor Andrew Cuomo outpolled Teachout in Broome, Chemung, Steuben and Tioga Counties, four of the five Southern Tier counties that his administration has targeted for fracking. Republicans, who overwhelmingly support fracking, were not permitted to vote in the primary.

Quinnipiac Poll, August 14-17, 2014
"Some people say there should be drilling for natural gas in the Marcellus Shale because of the economic benefits. Others say there should not be drilling for natural gas in the Marcellus Shale because of the environmental impact. Which comes closer to your point of view?"
Quinnipiac_Results_2014


in memoriam

HILARY ACTON

Photo courtesy of New Yorkers Against Fracking


On the day of the record-setting Climate March, we lost one of our own—the indefatigable Hilary Acton, who has been a ubiquitous presence at virtually every hearing, screening, protest, and press event since the Northeast was first threatened by shale-gas extraction. Fracktivist Kelly Branigan spoke for many of us when she said "Hilary, in her quiet way, joined many of us together in this fight against fracking. 'Have you met...?' 'Let me introduce you to....' She would then step back and watch those connections grow and flourish, never seeking the limelight she so deserved. She drove many miles over the years, just to be wherever support was needed, or wherever she could help bring injustice to light. Her hugs were warm and her concern was real. We will miss her deeply."

NEW ITEMS IN LEARN MORE

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Department of the Army Letter: Permit Application by Constitution Pipeline Co., LLC
    Letter dated Oct 8, 2014 regarding construction of a new 124-mile-long natural gas pipeline.

Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas
    Nature, Oct, 2014. Authors: Haewon McJeon, Jae Edmonds, Nico Bauer, Leon Clarke, Brian Fisher, Brian P. Flannery, Jérôme Hilaire, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Raymond Mi, Keywan Riahi, Holger Rogner & Massimo Tavoni "Our results show that although market penetration of globally abundant gas may substantially change the future energy system, it is not necessarily an effective substitute for climate change mitigation policy9, 10.:

Strengthening the EPA’s Clean Power Plan Increasing renewable energy use will achieve greater emissions reductions
    Union of Concerned Scientists Policy Brief, Oct. 2014. Document also available at: www.ucsusa.org/renewablesandcleanpowerplan

Video: FRACK US: the dangers of gas fracking.
    RT Documentary--53 minutes. Published on Oct 10, 2014 All across the USA people are rising up against fracking. They don’t believe the process is safe and think it causes wide-scale land contamination. Ever more extraction sites are being approved and developed with new plant being built in once idyllic landscapes.

Spanish Translation: COMPENDIO SOBRE HALLAZGOS CIENTÍFICOS, MÉDICOS Y DE LOS MEDIOS QUE DEMUESTRAN EL RIESGO Y LOS DAÑOS DEL FRACKING (EXTRACCIÓN NO CONVENCIONAL DE GAS Y DE PETRÓLEO)
    COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION) already posted in Learn More Concerned Health Professionals of NY, July 10, 2014. Contains evidence of risks of air pollution, water contamination, inherent engineering problems, radioactive releases, occupational health and safety hazards, noise pollution, light pollution, strees, earthquake and seismic activity, abandoned & active wells, flood risks, threats to agriculture and soil quality, threats to climate system, inaccurate job claims, increased crime rates, threats to property values and mortgages, inflated estimates of reserves and profitability, disclosure of serious risks to investors, and medical and scientific calls for more study and more transparency.

The Bakken Boom: East Coast at Risk
    Food & Water Watch, Sept, 2014 Transporting Bakken Crude: Potential Safety and Health Hazards

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Wilderness Society Report by Stratus Consulting, Sept, 2014

Upper Delaware River Basin: One of 10 Special Places
    As natural gas extraction expands across the Central Appalachian region, that industrial-scale energy development is encroaching on public lands that are critically important for fishing and hunting. In this report, Trout Unlimited takes a deeper look into those public places, outlining the potential risks posed by gas drilling operations and providing recommendations from sportsmen and women that promote responsible energy development.

Video: FERC AIM Pipeline Scoping Cortlandt NY 9-15-14
    Sahle Shock Media, 6 videos, 4 hours

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    Oregon Sierra Club, Ted Gleichman, editor. August, 2014

The 2001–Present Induced Earthquake Sequence in the Raton Basin of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado
    Authors: Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Ellsworth, Arthur McGarr, and Harley M. Benz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, October 2014,

The URGENT Case for a Ban on Fracking
    Food & Water Watch, Sept 2014

DEP PA Water Supply Determination Letters
    The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities in Pennsylvania

The State Clean Energy Cookbook: A Dozen Recipes for State Action on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Standord Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance and Hoover Institutiion's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, posted September, 2014.

Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
    by Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (Formerly the Journal of Environmental Monitoring), August13, 2014; abstract.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World resources Institute Posted Sept, 2014.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks (Exec Summary)
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World Resources Institute, Posted Sept, 2014.

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    August 2014., Creative Commons, Oregon Sierra Club.

TOXIC WORKPLACE: Fracking Hazards on the Job
    Food & Water Watch, August 2014.

Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
    How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement Published: August 7, 2014 by Earthworks By: Nadia Steinzor -

FEMA Mitigation Policy: Limits on Subsurface Uses of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquired Lands
    Policy Number: FP 302-405-146-1, May 5, 2014

Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased CO2
    AUGUST 2014 EARTHWORKST OIL & GAS ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT

Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland
    July 2014 Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health School of Public Health University of Maryland, College Park

Open Letter from members of Congress to Obama
    "To enhance our nations' energy security and reliability and to protect our environment, methane emissions must be reduced. Letter signed by 49 members of Congress. May 14, 2014

Video: NRDC's Lehner discusses new stock market index for climate-conscious investing
    Could a financial tool geared toward climate-conscious investment be the next generation of finance? During today's OnPoint, Peter Lehner, executive director of the Natural Resources Defense Council, discusses NRDC's new stock market index, launched along with BlackRock and FTSE Group, that excludes fossil fuel companies. He talks about the impacts a fossil fuel divestment strategy could have on Wall Street.

Anatomy of an Industry Front Group How the oil and gas industry runs the show at the Center for Sustainable Shale Development
    Public Accountability Initiative, August, 2014 report Executive Summary

UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
    Western Values Project, May, 2014.

Letter: Shale Gas Development and Mars Area School Permitting Decision
    Physicians Scientists & Engineers for Healthy Energy letter to PA DEP dated Aug 12, 2014


    Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines on Residential Property Assessment In Ontario 2012 Assessment Base Year Study. Municipal Property Assessment Corp.

Considerations in Signing an Easement Agreement
    Pipeline Safety Coalition, Posted August, 2014

Landowner's Guide to Pipelines: Safety, Responsibilities, Your Rights
    Pipeline Safety Trust, July 2014

FRACKING BEYOND THE LAW Despite Industry Denials, Investigation Reveals Continued Use of Diesel Fuels in Hydraulic Fracturing
    The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws. Report Aug 13, 2014

After Action Review Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Incident Response Chevron Appalachia LLC - Lanco 7H Well Fire Dunkard Township, Greene County
    This report provides an After Action Review (AAR) of the Chevron Appalachia LLC Lanco 7H well fire incident. This well fire incident occurred from February 11, 2014 through March 3, 2014.

SUMMARY OF BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONS INFORMATION GATHERING EFFORTS CHEVRON LANCO PAD A GAS WELL FIRE
    This summary offers factual circumstances that may bear upon more complete evaluation of the Lanco A Well Fire and its cause(s).

Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
    Earthworks report, August, 2014. Author: Nadia Steinzor. Earthworks' Oil & Gas Accountability Project

Blackout in the Gas Patch: How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement -
    Report Executive Summary by Earthworks, August, 2014. Earthworks conducted a year-long investigation into how DEP permits and oversees gas and oil operations, what has occurred at certain loca- tions, and the circumstances facing numerous households and communities. - See more at: http://www.earthworksaction.org/library/detail/blackout_summary#.U-O8a1ZD5g0

Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development
    Authors: Seth B.C. Shonkoff, Jake Hays and Madelon L. Finkel in Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol 122, Num 8, August, 2014

Fracking in the Digital Landscape
    2014 Makovsky Report, Makovsky Integrated Communications

Lighting the Way The Top Ten States that Helped Drive America’s Solar Energy Boom in 2013
    Written by: Jordan Schneider, Frontier Group Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center August 2014

Biotic impacts of energy development from shale: research priorities and knowledge gaps
    Authors: Sara Souther, Morgan W Tingley, Viorel D Popescu, David TS Hayman, Maureen E Ryan, Tabitha A Graves, Brett Hartl, and Kimberly Terrell. The Ecological Society of America, 2014. * Exploitation of oil and gas reserves trapped in shale rock, including the extraction process known as “fracking”, poses substantial and unexplored risks to living creatures • Understanding the biotic impacts of operations that fracture shale to access reserves is hindered by the unavailability of high-quality data about fracturing fluids, wastewater, and spills or violations • The risks of chemical contamination from spills, deep well failures, storage leaks, and underground fluid migration are top research priorities • Cumulative effects of shale development may represent the most severe threats to plants and animals, but are particularly challenging to study

Time Warner Cable News/Siena College Poll July 20-23, 2014 544 Registered Voters in Hudson Valley Southern Tier in New York
    Q20. Switching gears, the State Department of Environmental Conservation - or DEC - is expected to soon issue a decision on whether or not to allow hydrofracking - that is, the proposed method to recover natural gas from parts of upstate New York - to move forward. How much have you heard or read about it - a great deal, some, not very much, or nothing at all? Q21. Do you support or oppose the Department of Environmental Conservation allowing hydrofracking to move forward in parts of upstate New York? Q22A. Hydrofracking is too dangerous as it leads to unsafe levels of methane gas being released Q22B. Hydrofracking is important in order to harvest the abundant supply of natural gas that is otherwise currently inaccessible

DRINKING WATER: EPA Program to Protect Underground Sources from Injection of Fluids Associated With Oil and Gas Production Needs Improvement
    GAO Report 14-555, June, 2014.

Improvements Needed in EPA Efforts to Address Methane Emissions From Natural Gas Distribution Pipelines
    US EPA Inspector General Report 14-P-0324 dated July 25, 2014

Fracking Brussels: A Who's Who of the EU Shale Gas Lobby
    Friends of the Earth Europe; author Rachel Tansey, published july, 2014

Shale gas and fracking: examining the evidence
    Gwen Harrison, Stuart Parkinson and Gary McFarlane; Published by © Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) and the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health (CIEH) in July 2014

Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines: Process and Timing of FERC Permit Application Review
    by Paul W. Parfomak Specialist in Energy and Infrastructure Policy November 19, 2013; Congressional Research Servide

DEP’s performance in monitoring potential impacts to water quality from shale gas development, 2009 - 2012
    PA DEP Special Performance Audit Report, July 21, 2014.

Development And Integration Of Renewable Energy: Lessons Learned From Germany
    Published by FAA Financial Advisory AG (Finadvice), July 2014 by Hans Poser, Jeffrey Altman, Felix ab Egg, Andreas Granata, and Ross Board

Cashing in on all of the above: U.S. Fossil Fuel Production SUbSidieS Under obama
    OilChange International, July, 2014. Researched and written by Shakuntala Makhijani, with assistance and contributions from Stephen Kretzmann and Elizabeth Bast.

?CATCHING THE WIND: STATE ACTIONS NEEDED TO SEIZE THE GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY OF ATLANTIC OFFSHORE WIND POWER
    Authors: Catherine Bowes & Amber Hewett –– National Wildlife Federation, 2014.

Shalefield Stories: Personal & Collected Testimonies
    Personal & collected stories published by Steel Valley Printers, January, 2014.



COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    Concerned Health Professionals of NY, July 10, 2014. Contains evidence of risks of air pollution, water contamination, inherent engineering problems, radioactive releases, occupational health and safety hazards, noise pollution, light pollution, strees, earthquake and seismic activity, abandoned & active wells, flood risks, threats to agriculture and soil quality, threats to climate system, inaccurate job claims, increased crime rates, threats to property values and mortgages, inflated estimates of reserves and profitability, disclosure of serious risks to investors, and medical and scientific calls for more study and more transparency.

Broken Ground On the frontlines of a fractured landscape
    "Broken Ground" is a project of the David Suzuki Foundation. To learn more about environmental rights in Canada, visit: www.davidsuzuki.org/healthyenvironment Written by Alvin Singh and Alaya Boisvert, edited by Gail Mainster and Ian Hanington. Site by Point Blank Creative

Fracking in Carroll County, Ohio An impact assessment
    April, 2014 report by Policy Matters Ohio, provides impacts in cost and benefits.

pathways to deep decarbonization
    Interim 2014 Report by Sustainable Development Solutions Network a Global Initiative for the United Nations, July 8, 2014. The Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) is a collaborative initiative to understand and show how individual countries can transition to a low-carbon economy and how the world can meet the internationally agreed target of limiting the increase in global mean surface temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius (°C).

Monitoring Forest Change in Landscapes Under-Going Rapid Energy Development: Challenges and New Perspectives
    Authors: Paul D. Pickell, Sarah E. Gergel, Nicholas C. Coops and David W. Andison Published July 2, 2014

Video: Fracking Goes Global
    LinkTV--27 Minutes. (Earth Focus: Episode 52) US domestic gas production is on the rise because of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a controversial method of extracting natural gas from shale rock by pumping millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals underground at high pressure. Environmentalists say this gas boon threatens water supplies and pollutes air. Now, as fracking expands around the world, so does growing resistance. Earth Focus looks at three countries on the new fracking frontline: South Africa, Poland, and the UK. Reported from South Africa by Jeff Barbee and Andrew Wasley (The Ecologist) from Poland and the UK. Posted June, 2014.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS AND THE ANTI-FRACKING MOVEMENT Developing Union Perspectives and Approaches
    Trade Unions for Energy Democracy and Cornell University The Worker Institute, June 2014

Health and fracking: Should the medical profession be concerned?
    This article attempts to summarise the health concerns and discuss them within the South African context. Published in the South African Medical Journal, May, 2014.

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