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ABOUT WHATTHEFRACK.ORG is a program of Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy, an all-volunteer, grassroots organization that has been working to prohibit dangerous hydraulic fracturing (fracking) since 2008. Catskill Citizens provides one of the best websites in the country on fracking including an extensive Newsroom and a comprehensive Learn More section. Our Action Alerts make it easy for you to contact your elected officials in just a matter of seconds. Because we have an all-volunteer staff, all the money we raise goes directly into the fight against fracking. Please donate generously.

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Fighting Another Pipeline
Ed Schultz and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. discuss the potential impact of the construction of the controversial Constitution pipeline.

Other Videos of Interest:

Cheryl LaFleur, FERC chairman, discusses greenhouse gas emissions from power plants - National Press Club.

New York State is Safe from Fracking! THANK YOU! December 17th 2014

Fracking 101-National Sierra Club


Tell Congress to deny fast track status to TPP! Take Action!


In a State of the Union Address devoted almost entirely to middle class and economic concerns, President Obama paid scant attention to energy policy and climate change. He claimed that the U.S. is now "number one" in both oil and gas production and wind power, but he didn't propose any new initiatives to promote renewable energy. Similarly, he noted the devastating impacts of climate change, but didn't offer any concrete plans to combat it. The words "greenhouse gases" were never mentioned.

The Keystone XL pipeline was never mentioned by name either, although the president did allude to it as "a single pipeline" that would create only a small fraction of the jobs that could be generated if the nation were to embark on a comprehensive program rebuilding our infrastructure. Should this be taken as a hint that the president will ultimately kill Keystone? Maybe. Maybe not. So far he's only promised to veto a bill passed by House Republicans that would strip him of his decision-making authority.


Whatever disagreements President Obama and the Republican-controlled Congress may have regarding Keystone XL, it appears they are on the same page when it comes to the Trans Pacific Partnership. Just hours after his party won a majority of the seats in the Senate, Senator Mitch McConnell singled out "trade agreements" as an area where his party and the president can work together. This was widely interpreted as support for TPP, a trade agreement that critics say will undermine food safety, labor laws, and environmental protections.

More than 600 corporate lobbyists helped write the agreement, which was negotiated in secret and has been withheld from the American public. If its supporters get their way, Congress will grant TPP "fast track" status, which will deprive our elected representatives of the opportunity to change even a word of the agreement before putting it to a vote. The most insidious feature of TPP is that it would take precedence over the laws of the United States. If a corporation believes that a state or federal law stands in the way of a chance to make a profit , it can haul the U.S. before an international investor-state tribunal and sue for damages. For example, under TPP, a foreign or multinational gas company that holds leases in New York State could sue the U.S. federal government for damages because of the state's prohibition on high-volume fracking. Far fetched? Not really. Right now, a U.S. based drilling company is using a similar provision in the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to sue the Canadian government because the province of Quebec banned drilling under the St. Lawrence River.


On the face of it, the administration's plan to cut methane emissions by up to 45 percent by 2025 appears to be a bold move, but as always, the devil is in the details:
  • The proposed rules would apply only to new and modified oil and gas production, not existing facilities, which will remain the major source of methane emissions for many years to come. As Earthworks' Executive Director Jennifer Krill noted, "Global warming doesn't care if a greenhouse gas source is new or old, and neither should these rules."

  • One new rule would "streamline permitting oil and gas production on certain tribal lands" in order to ensure that "oil and gas production continue to grow and expand." This is directly at odds with the goal of combatting climate change. As Sierra Club Executive Director Michael Brune observed, "Continued reliance on dirty fossil fuels is a dangerous course for our communities and our climate. Numerous scientific articles now point to the need to keep more than two-thirds of our fossil fuels in the ground in order to avoid climate chaos."

  • In announcing the proposed methane rules, the administration asserted that the climate-impact potential of methane is twenty-five times greater than that of carbon dioxide over a hundred-year time period. This figure is outdated and inaccurate: the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has found that methane has a Global Warming Potential (GWP) thirty-four times that of CO2 over one hundred years. Moreover, even this higher figure is largely irrelevant, because we don't have a hundred years to address the impact of climate change. In a letter to the EPA, a group of leading scientists has called upon the agency to join the IPCC in referencing the GWP of methane as eighty-six times greater than carbon dioxide over a twenty-year time period.

  • Scientists have also expressed concern that the 2012 baseline data used to measure emission reductions underestimates emissions from the oil and gas industry, and that means reduction goals are much more modest than they appear to be.

  • As Cornell University Professor Robert Howarth put it in an email to colleagues, "The data increasingly show that EPA has grossly underestimated methane emissions, and they are mischaracterizing the major sources. A policy based on such tortured science cannot lead to a real solution."

Economic Impact of Shale Gas Drilling

Read Selected Documents Authored by Jannette M. Barth, Ph.D.

Can New York Learn from Texas?. Economist Jannette Barth's latest analysis of the economic impact of shale gas plays.

Read more about LNG exports by entering the word "exports" in the Search feature of our website.



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Jun 30, 2105
    Come together [PA "pledge of allegiance to gas drillers"]

    Philadelphia Inquirer
    The $30 billion budget the Pennsylvania legislature's ruling Republicans are catapulting through the Capitol is going to miss the mark. The plan dusts off one-shot gimmicks and a pledge of allegiance to gas drillers while offering no relief to property tax payers and ignoring the state's schoolchild...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2105
    House stymies DEP on drilling rules

    Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
    Laura Legere
    The state Department of Environmental Protection would have to scrap its effort to update rules for Pennsylvania’s traditional oil and gas drilling industry and begin the 4-year-old rulemaking process again under the terms of an amendment that House Republicans added to a key state budget bill late ...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2105
    Demand For Sand: Frac sand use per well goes up amid low oil prices

    San Antonio Business Journal
    Sergio Chapa
    Six-year low crude oil prices may have decimated new drilling activity, but market indicators show there is a more intense use of frac sand in the new wells that remain in the Eagle Ford and other shale plays. Mostly mined in Wisconsin and other northern states, frac sand is mixed with water and di...  [Full Story]
Jul 1, 2015
    Supreme Court Rejects Argument to Dismiss Landmark Fracking Case

    The Tyee
    Andrew Nikiforuk
    The Supreme Court of Canada has rejected a motion by the country's most powerful energy regulator that Jessica Ernst's case involving fracking and groundwater contamination raises no significant constitutional claim and should be dismissed. Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin ruled that the case rai...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
Jun 30, 2015
Jun 30, 2015
    DEC On Fracking: "Not In New York"

    Dave Lucas
    Environmentalists are welcoming the official end to the years-long fracking debate in New York. Listen Listening...3:44 State Environmental Conservation Commissioner Joe Martens released a 43-page “Findings Statement” Monday afternoon, which effectively prohibits high-volume hydraulic fracturin...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    State finalizes fracking ban

    Capital New York
    Scott Waldman
    ALBANY—New York officially banned fracking on Monday, after the state Department of Environmental Conservation issued the final piece in a multi-part, years-long process. The D.E.C. issued its “findings statement” Monday afternoon, ending a nearly seven-year review of high-volume hydraulic fractu...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Seward urges feds to reject NED pipeline

    The Daily Star
    Joe Mahoney
    State Sen. Jim Seward, R-Milford, urged federal regulators Tuesday to reject the proposed Tennessee Gas Co. pipeline that would run through portions of Delaware, Schoharie and Chenango counties. Seward told the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in a letter that he was concerned the company's pro...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Marcellus permit activity in Pennsylvania
    Danielle Wente
    The Marcellus Shale formation in Pennsylvania saw quite a bit of action over the last week. However, while drilling is continuing, so is the great battle over royalty payments. Pennsylvania Representative Garth Everett (R-Lycoming) announced last week that he is pushing his royalties bill once more...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Menendez: Offshore drilling could devastate NJ tourism

    Asbury Park Press
    Michael L. Diamond
    BELMAR – - New Jersey’s multi-billion tourism industry would be put at risk if the Obama Administration allows oil companies to drill in the Atlantic Ocean, Sen. Robert Menendez said at a press conference Tuesday. One spill similar to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon accident in the Gulf of Mexico woul...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Colorado habitat loss feared in decline of greater sage-grouse
    Bob Downing
    (Washington, D.C., June 30, 2015) To prevent the Greater Sage-Grouse from sliding toward endangerment, the Northwest Colorado Greater Sage-Grouse Final Environmental Impact Statement needs significant improvements to stop habitat loss, says American Bird Conservancy (ABC). This assertion is part...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Pa. lawmakers move to block new rules on oil and gas drilling

    Penn Live
    Candy Woodall
    Lawmakers have slipped a last-minute amendment into the fiscal code to block the state Department of Environmental Protection's new rules on oil and gas drilling in Pennsylvania. While the amendment takes aim at conventional drilling, environmentalists say it could also lighten regulations on wha...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
Jun 30, 2015
    House stymies DEP on drilling rules

    Pittsburgh Post Gazette
    Laura Legere
    The state Department of Environmental Protection would have to scrap its effort to update rules for Pennsylvania’s traditional oil and gas drilling industry and begin the 4-year-old rulemaking process again under the terms of an amendment that House Republicans added to a key state budget bill late ...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Drilling, not quake, caused Lapindo mud volcano


    Geologists reignited the debate Monday about whether to blame nature or humans for the devastating eruption nine years ago of an Indonesian mud volcano still oozing its all-consuming sludge today. New analysis of underground gas levels measured at the time of the outburst point the finger to gas ...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Halliburton closing Indiana County office

    Trib Live
    David Conti
    Oilfield services giant Halliburton is closing its Indiana County office as gas drilling customers pressured by low prices focus more of their activity in the southwest corner of Pennsylvania and in eastern Ohio. The Houston company on Tuesday notified the 430 workers in the Homer City office that ...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Study Shows Huge Variation in Fracking Operations' Thirst

    EP Online

    A study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in partnership with the American Geophysical Union shows enormous variation in the amount of water used to hydraulically fracture oil and gas wells in the United States. The first national-scale analysis and map of hydraulic fracturing water usage has ...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    This is What Ten Years of Oklahoma Earthquakes Sounds Like

    Rafi Schwartz
    Over the last several years, Oklahoma has seen a dramatic increase in the number of earthquakes rocking the Sooner State. According to one study, Oklahoma’s seismic activity leaped an astonishing four thousand percent between 2008 and 2013, due, the study concludes, to hydraulic fracturing for the p...  [Full Story]
Jun 30, 2015
    Utica fracking wells among country's highest water users

    Columbus Business First
    Tom Knox
    Water use in oil and gas wells in eastern Ohio's Utica shale region is among the highest in the nation, according to new research from the U.S. Geological Survey. The study provides what the agency says is the first comprehensive nationwide data on water used during hydraulic fracturing. The genera...  [Full Story]

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Governor Andrew Cuomo has prohibited high-volume fracking and outlined ambitious plans to build out renewable energy supplies. But while these are important, even historic steps, New York is still besieged by a raft of fracking-related projects and practices that will contaminate our air and water, endanger public health, and create climate chaos. In 2015, we must commit ourselves to the proposition that New Yorkers are entitled to an entirely frack-free future.

Please take a minute to send letters to the appropriate state and federal officials asking them to take action on each of these important issues. And remember, if you customize your letters they'll have even greater impact.

New! Dominion's so-calledTake Action! "New Market Project" entails expanding the capacity of an aging, 200-mile long pipeline with a series of new compressor stations and other equipment to export fracked gas to foreign markets. Tell the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to put the brakes on this dangerous, polluting scheme that is being rushed through without even an Environmental Impact Statement!

Landfills in the Take Action!Southern Tier continue to accept toxic, radioactive drill cuttings from gas extraction operations in Pennsylvania. The DEC has studied the dangers associated with these waste products and has the authority to protect the public. Ask DEC Commissioner Joe Martens to prohibit the disposal of high-volume Marcellus frack waste in New York State.

A proposed LNG deepwater port to be constructed off Long Island will displace a proposed offshore wind farm and serve as a prime terrorist target. NEW! Read comments on Port Ambrose by Catskill Citizens, NRDC and others.

Western Take Action! New York and the Hudson River Valley are endangered by "bomb trains" and barges transporting billions of gallons of explosive crude oil to refineries on the Eastern seaboard. Call on U.S. Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx to prohibit the use of the unsafe tanker cars that have been responsible for several explosions.

A giant gas Take Action!and propane storage facility on the shores of Seneca Lake threatens New York's premier wine-growing region and one of the state's most important tourist destinations. The DEC still has the opportunity to block propane storage on the shores of the lake. Ask Governor Cuomo to direct the DEC to withhold permits for this project.


Within the last year, New York has taken tremendous strides toward a renewable energy future. In April, Governor Cuomo committed one billion dollars to the NY-Sun Initiative, which provides homeowners and small businesses with low-cost loans to finance photovoltaic installations. In December, the state made more than two hundred million dollars available for two large hydroelectric projects and two wind farms in upstate New York.

On the policy front, the governor has expressed support for Community Choice Aggregation (CCA), which the Public Service Commission has made a cornerstone of its Reforming the Energy Vision. Jen Metzger, one of the founders of Citizens for Local Power, has been in the forefront of bringing CCAs to New York. She describes them as an "incredibly promising tool" that can be "used to get a handle on energy costs and volatile prices and increase investment at the local level in renewable generation."

The PSC is currently accepting comments on its White Paper about CCAs.


Last month, the White House Council on Environmental Quality released draft guidelines for all federal agencies directing them to consider "the potential effects of a proposed action on climate change as indicated by its GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions." If and when these guidelines are adopted, they may have an impact on the decisions being made by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which has routinely granted licenses for pipelines, compressor stations and gas-fired power plants while refusing to consider climate impacts of the projects it approves.


Please donate to
Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy,
an all-volunteer grassroots organization.


Draft Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990 - 2013
    US Environmental Protection Agency, February 11 , 2015 An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenicsources and sinks of greenhouse gases is essential for addressing climate change. This inventory adheres to both a comprehensive and detailed set of methodologies for estimating sources and sinks of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, and a common and consistent mechanism that enables Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compare the relative contribution of different emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change.

Evaluating a groundwater supply contamination incident attributed to Marcellus Shale gas development
    Study Abstract. Study by Garth T. Llewellyn, Frank Dorman. L. Westland. Yoxtheimer, Paul Grieve, Todd Sowers, E. Humston-Fulmer, and Susan L. Brantley. Published by National Academy of Sciences, April 2, 2015.

Human exposure to unconventional natural gas development: A Public health demonstration of periodic high exposure to chemical mixtures in ambient air
    Written by David R. Brown, Celia Lewis & Beth I. Weinberger. Southwest Pennsylvania Environmenta Healt Project, McMurray, Pennsulvania, USA. Publishied online 03 Mar 2015

Know Your Oil Creating a Global Oil-Climate Index
    Written by Deborah Gordon, Adam Brandt, Joule Bergerson and Jonathan Koomey for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2015

License to Dump: New York Permits Pennsylvania to Dump Fracking Waste
    Despite Ban, New York Permits Pennsylvania to Dump Radioative Fracking Waste Inside Our Borders Elizabeth Moran for Environmental Advocates of NY, February 2015

RUNAWAY RISKS - Oil Trains and the Government's Failure to Protect People, Wildlife and the Environment
    Written by Jared Margolis, Center for Biological Diversity, February 2015

The Natural Gas Gamble A Risky Bet on America's Clean Energy Future
    Written by Jeff Deyette, Steven Clemmer, Rachel Cleetus, Sandra Sattler, Alison Bailie, Megan Rising for the Union of Concerned Scientists, March 2015

WASTING AWAY: Four states’ failure to manage gas and oil field wastefromtheMarcellus and Utica Shale
    Earthworks, April, 2015 AUTHORS: Nadia Steinzor and Bruce Baizel, Earthworks’ Oil & Gas Accountability Project. Report available at:

Well water contamination in a rural community in southwestern Pennsylvania near unconventional shale gas extraction
    Written by syama K. Alawattaegama, Tetiana Kondratyuk, Renee Krynock, Matthew Bricker, Jennifer K. Rutter, Daniel J. Bainc & John F. Stolzab Center for Environmental Research and Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania, USA Department of Biological Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Published online: 03 Mar 2015.

Administration Takes Steps Forward on Climate Announcing Actions to Cut Methane Emissions
    White House Press Release, January 14, 2015.

    2nd edition December 11, 2014.

Developmental and reproductive effects of chemicals associated with unconventional oil and natural gas operations
    Written by Ellen Webb, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Amanda Cheng, Christopher D. Kassotis,Victoria Balise and Susan C. Nagel DeGruyter, December, 2014

Fracking Failures - Oil and Gas Industry Environmental Violations in Pennsylvania and What They Mean for the U.S.
    Written by: Jeff Inglis, Frontier Group, John Rumpler, Environment America Research & Policy Center, January 27, 2015

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Prepared for The Wilderness Society, Washington DC, Stratus Consulting, December 23 2014

Integrity Management of Gas Transmission Pipelines in High Consequence Areas
    NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Public Meeting of January 27, 2015 This is a synopsis from the NTSB’s Safety Study and does not include the Board’s rationale for the conclusions and safety recommendations. NTSB staff is currently making final revisions to the report from which the attached conclusions and safety recommendations have been extracted.

Offshore Energy by the Numbers
    An Economic Analysis of Offshore Drilling and Wind Energy in the Atlantic. ANDREW MENAQUALE January 2015 for Oceana

Potential Consumer Price Impacts of Efforts to Rapidly Expand Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas
    by Alison Cassady for Center for American Progress, January 27, 2015

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing For Shale Gas Development
    New York State Department of Health, December 17, 2014.

Draft Guidelines for Energy Infrastructure Development
    Guidance on when and how to consider greenhouse gas emissions and climate change for all Federal actions. December 2014

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    Published by NRDC, December, 2014.

Predictors of Indoor Radon Concentrations in Pennsylvania, 1989-2013
    Joan A. Casey, Elizabeth L. Ogburn, Sara G. Rasmussen, Jennifer K. Irving, Jonathan Pollak, Paul A. Locke, and Brian S. Schwartz For Environmental Health Perspectives Advance Publication April 9 2015

Towards an understanding of the environmental and public health impacts of shale gas development: an analysis of the peer-reviewed scientific literature, 2009-2014
    December 10, 2014.

Global Shale Gas & Drinking Ground Water Reserves & Earthquake Regions
    Sources: WVGISTC, WVU, WRI, UNESCO, USGS, NASA; posted December, 2014.

Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    Published by NYPIRG, December 2014.

Letter from Economist Jannette Barth to Governor Andrew Cuomo
    The true economic impact of fracking. December 4, 2014

Fracking Frenzy: How the Fracking Industry is Threatening the Planet
    Friends of the Earth Europe, December, 2014.

Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas on Drinking Water Resources (External Review Draft)
    Abstract Cover of the external review draft of the hydraulic fracturing drinking water research report This assessment provides a review and synthesis of available scientific literature and data to assess the potential for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas to impact the quality or quantity of drinking water resources, and identifies factors affecting the frequency or severity of any potential impacts.

Medina Conty Auditor on Impact of Nexus Pipeline on Property Values
    May 13, 2015, Medina, Ohio

Bringing a Health Impact Assessment to the Question of Hydraulic Fracking in New York State—a talking points document
    By Sandra Steingraber, undated.

    Annual Report of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2014. The report project team was David Bennett, Graeme Collinson, Mike Edbury, Elizabeth Surkovic and Jack Wardle. Published November, 2014.

Star Power The Growing Role of Solar Energy in America
    Written by: Judee Burr and Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group and Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, November, 2014

NYS Supreme Court Decision: Gaebel vs Braunstein
    May 21, 2015 decision..."we conclude that their Lake Huntington residences are, in fact, legitimate ones for voting purposes. Accordingly, Supreme Court erred in declaring the Lake Huntington voters' absentee ballots invalid and directing that their names be stricken from the registry of voters." Allowing 2nd Home Owners to vote at their 2nd home.

Regional air quality impacts of hydraulic fracturing and shale natural gas activity: Evidence from ambient VOC observations
    Authors: Timothy Vinciguerra, Simon Yao, Joseph Dadzie, Alexa Chittams, Thomas Deskins, Sheryl Ehrman, Russell R. Dickerson. Atmospheric Environment, March, 26, 2015.

Ecosystem services lost to oil and gas in North America Net primary production reduced in crop and rangelands
    By Brady W. Allred, W. Kolby Smith, Dirac Twidwell, Julia H. Haggerty, Steven W. Running, David E. Naugle, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf. Science Magazine, April 24, 2015, VOL 348 ISSUE 6233

Letter: Scrutiny of the full lifecycle process of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing (HVHF) must also be applied to Spectra Algonquin Incremental Market (AIM) pipeline expansion project
    Letter dated Feb 5, 2015 to Cuomo, Zucker and Martens signed by 47 organizations and invididuals.

Frackademia in Depth An analysis of the oil and gas industry's case for fracking
    Public Accountability initiative, Feb., 2015

Iodide, Bromide, and Ammonium in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Wastewaters: Environmental Implications
    Authors: Jennifer S. Harkness, Gary S. Dwyer, Nathaniel R. Warner, Kimberly M. Parker §, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh, american Chemical Society, Jan 14, 2015.

The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unusedwhen limiting global warming to 26C
    Letter: Christophe McGlade & Paul Ekins, Nature, Jan 2015

Pipelines Safety And Security: Is It No More Than A Pipe Dream?
    Methane leaks and explodes, Canadian tar sands crude sinks, and computerized control systems are being hacked. Is publicly-acceptable safety and security a realistic prospect?Author: Trudy E. Bell in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, Winter 2015.

The Facts about Kinder Morgan
    by Eric de Place, Dec, 2014. Sightline Institute

Aquifer Exemptions: A first-ever look at the regulatory program that writes off drinking water resources for oil, gas and uranium profits
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report; Jan, 2015. Author: John Noel

Regulating Oil & Gas Activities to Protect Drinking Water: The Safe Drinking Water Act’s Underground Injection Control Program — Overview and Concerns
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report, Jan, 2015.

Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States -- Draft
    US Department of Energy, November 2014

Direct measurements of methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas wells in Pennsylvania
    Study Authors: Mary Kanga, Cynthia M. Kannoa, Matthew C. Reida, Xin Zhangb, Denise L. Mauzeralla, Michael A. Celiaa, Yuheng Chenc, and Tullis C. Onstottc. National Academy of the Sciences, USA, Cross Mark, Nov., 2014.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Liquid Unloadings
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Adam P. Pacsi, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Pneumatic Controllers
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, Adam P. Pacsi, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Deep Drilling, Deep Pockets The Political Expenditures of the Natural Gas Industry In Pennsylvania – 2014 Update
    The Marcellus Money project has been tracking the natural gas (or “fracking”) industry’s campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures in Pennsylvania since 2009, when the Marcellus Shale natural gas boom was moving into high gear. This 2014 update to the project re-focuses the period of analysis to 2007 Cycle 1 – 2014 Cycle 5 (previous releases included data from 2001 forward). The data and more information can be viewed online at

BURNING MONEY Updating Rules for Oil and Gas Loss on Federal Lands
    Taxpayers for Common Sense, Making Government Work, November, 2014.

IN THE PITS : Oil and Gas Wastewater Disposal into Open Unlined Pits and the Threat to California’s Water and Air
    Clean Water Action, Clean Water Fund Report, November, 2014

    Lee Fang from Republic Reports and Steve Horn from De Smog Blog, November, 2014

The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration
    Written by Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard and Shelagh Whitley, Oil Change International and Overseas Development Institute November, 2014

A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Unconventional Gas Development in the United Kingdom
    Environmental, Human Health and Climate Impacts Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations. Commissioned by The Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation. Written by Anna Grear, Evadne Grant, Dr. Tom Kerns, Professor Karen Morrow, Dr. Damien Short. Published October 30, 2014

Air concentrations of volatile compounds near oil and gas production: a community-based exploratory study
    Authors: Gregg P Macey, Ruth Breech, Mark Chernaik, Caroline Cox, Denny Larson, Deb Thomas and David O Carpenter for Environmental Health. Published October 30, 2014

    by J. David Hughes, Post Carbon Institute, October, 2014

Drilling in California: Who’s at Risk?
    Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman, Natural Resources Defense Council, Posted October, 2014.

    Oxfam Briefing Paper 191, October 17, 2014

FRACKING’S TOXIC LOOPHOLE Thanks to the “Halliburton Loophole,” Hydraulic Fracturing Companies Are Injecting Chemicals More Toxic than Diesel
    Environmental Integrity Project, October 22, 2014. This report was researched and written by Eric Schaeffer and Courtney Bernhardt. The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws.

Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines
    Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines on Residential Property Assessment In Ontario 2012 Assessment Base Year Study. Municipal Property Assessment Corp.

    This paper was conceived, written and researched collectively by Tom Sanzillo, Lorne Stockman, Deborah Rogers, Hannah McKinnon, Elizabeth Bast, and Steve Kretzmann with assistance and/or additional contributions from Adam Wolfensohn, and Amin Asadollahi for the Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis, October, 2014.

SHINING REWARDS The Value of Rooftop Solar Power for Consumers and Society
    Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group & Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, Summer 2015.

Onshore Petroleum and Natural Gas Operations on Federal and Tribal Lands in the United States Analysis of Emissions and Abatement Opportunities
    ICF International Report, June 22, 2015. Project Scope and Objective 1. Characterize natural gas and methane emissions from federal and tribal lands • By state • By segment (Production, Gathering, Processing, Transmission, and Storage) • By emission source (e.g., pneumatics, compressors, flaring) 2. Determine the value of gas lost due to venting, flaring, and fugitives from federal and tribal lands 3. Determine the potential for mitigation on federal and tribal lands • Estimate any differences in cost efficiency of reduction options between National and federal/ tribal lands

    New Energy Outlook (NEO) is Bloomberg New Energy Finance's annual long-term view of how the world's power markets will evolve in the future. Lead Author: Seb Henbest, Elena Giannakopoulou, June, 2015

    CHEM Trust Protecting humans and wildlife from harmful chemicals. Report authors: Dr. Michael Warhust, Gwen Buck and Phillip Lightowlers.

A Comprehensive Analysis of Groundwater Quality in The Barnett Shale Region
    Report by Environmental Science & Technology, June 7, 2015. Authors: Zacariah Louis Hildenbrand, Doug D Carlton, Brian Fontenot, Jesse M. Meik, Jayme Walton, Josh Taylor, Jonathan Thacker, Stephanie Korlie, C. Phillip Shelor, Drew Henderson, Akinde Florence Kadjo, Corey Roelke, Paul F. Hudak, Taylour Burton, Hanadi S. Rifai, and Kevin A. Schug

An Evaluation of Water Quality in Private Drinking Water Wells Near Natural Gas Extraction Sites in the Barnett Shale Formation
    Abstract. Study authors: Brian E. Fontenot, Laura R. Hunt, Zacariah L. Hildenbrand, Doug D. Carlton Jr., Hyppolite Oka, Jayme L. Walton, Dan Hopkins, Alexandra Osorio, Bryan Bjorndal, Qinhong H. Hu, and Kevin A. Schug. July 25, 20134

    Authors: Avner Vengosh and Robert Jackson, Duke University. Scientists have developed new geochemical tracers that can identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. Published October 20, 2014

Warning Sign: Toxic air Pollution Identified at Oil and Gas Development Sites
    Results from Community Air Monitoring Reveal Chemicals Linked to Health Hazards. Published by Coming Clean and Global Community Monitor. Published October, 2014

Safety Advisory Bulletin - Guidance for Pipeline Flow Reversals, Product Changes and Conversion to Service
    Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration September, 2014

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Development
    NYS Department of Health report, Dec 2014

Drilling Down: Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    New York Public Interest Research Group December 2014; authors Russ Haven & Cathleen Breen.

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    NRDC Issue Brief; Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman.

Public Perceptions of the Health Consequences of Global Warming
    George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication, Oct., 2014

    Report by Concerned Health Professionals of NY, 2nd Edition, Dec 11, 2014

Managing the Risks of Hydraulic Fracturing ?
    Fraser Institute Report by Kenneth P. Green, posted Dec, 2014.

    AUTHORS Richard Liroff, Investor Environmental Health Network Danielle Fugere, As You Sow Lucia von Reusner, Green Century Capital Management, Inc. Steven Heim, Boston Common Asset Management, LLC, posted Dec, 2014

Environmental Funding in New York State
    Report by Thomas P. DiNapoli New York State Comptroller, Prepared by the Office of Budget and Policy Analysis

Unsafe & Unsustainable: Experts Review the Center for Sustainable Shale Development’s Performance Standards for Shale Gas Development
    prepared for The Delaware Riverkeeper Network, 2014

Waste Not: Common Sense Ways to Reduce Methane Pollution from the Oil and Natural Gas Industry
    Clean Air Task Force Report Summary. The full report will be available in Dec, 2014. Earthjustice, Earthworks, and Environmental Defense Fund have reviewed this report. The full text of the report will be available online at

Climate Solutions for a Stronger America: A Guide for Engaging and Winning on Climage Change & Clean Energy
    2nd Edition, 2014; Authors Betsy Taylor and Kathy Washienko, Breakthrough Strategies & Solutions, Inc.

    Crispin Pierce, Kristin Walters, Jeron Jacobson and Zachary Kroening University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire; Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press). Abstract: The rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction in the U.S. has led to more than 140 permitted “frac” sand mines and processing plants in Wisconsin.

PM2.5 Airborne Particulates near Frac Sand Operations--Acceptance Letter
    Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press).

Video: FRACK US: the dangers of gas fracking.
    RT Documentary--53 minutes. Published on Oct 10, 2014 All across the USA people are rising up against fracking. They don’t believe the process is safe and think it causes wide-scale land contamination. Ever more extraction sites are being approved and developed with new plant being built in once idyllic landscapes.

Department of the Army Letter: Permit Application by Constitution Pipeline Co., LLC
    Letter dated Oct 8, 2014 regarding construction of a new 124-mile-long natural gas pipeline.

Strengthening the EPA’s Clean Power Plan Increasing renewable energy use will achieve greater emissions reductions
    Union of Concerned Scientists Policy Brief, Oct. 2014. Document also available at:

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Wilderness Society Report by Stratus Consulting, Sept, 2014

Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas
    Nature, Oct, 2014. Authors: Haewon McJeon, Jae Edmonds, Nico Bauer, Leon Clarke, Brian Fisher, Brian P. Flannery, Jérôme Hilaire, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Raymond Mi, Keywan Riahi, Holger Rogner & Massimo Tavoni "Our results show that although market penetration of globally abundant gas may substantially change the future energy system, it is not necessarily an effective substitute for climate change mitigation policy9, 10.:

Upper Delaware River Basin: One of 10 Special Places
    As natural gas extraction expands across the Central Appalachian region, that industrial-scale energy development is encroaching on public lands that are critically important for fishing and hunting. In this report, Trout Unlimited takes a deeper look into those public places, outlining the potential risks posed by gas drilling operations and providing recommendations from sportsmen and women that promote responsible energy development.

The 2001–Present Induced Earthquake Sequence in the Raton Basin of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado
    Authors: Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Ellsworth, Arthur McGarr, and Harley M. Benz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, October 2014,

The URGENT Case for a Ban on Fracking
    Food & Water Watch, Sept 2014

DEP PA Water Supply Determination Letters
    The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities in Pennsylvania

The State Clean Energy Cookbook: A Dozen Recipes for State Action on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Standord Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance and Hoover Institutiion's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, posted September, 2014.

Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
    by Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (Formerly the Journal of Environmental Monitoring), August13, 2014; abstract.

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    August 2014., Creative Commons, Oregon Sierra Club.

TOXIC WORKPLACE: Fracking Hazards on the Job
    Food & Water Watch, August 2014.

Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
    How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement Published: August 7, 2014 by Earthworks By: Nadia Steinzor -

FEMA Mitigation Policy: Limits on Subsurface Uses of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquired Lands
    Policy Number: FP 302-405-146-1, May 5, 2014

Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased CO2

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    Oregon Sierra Club, Ted Gleichman, editor. August, 2014

Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland
    July 2014 Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health School of Public Health University of Maryland, College Park

Open Letter from members of Congress to Obama
    "To enhance our nations' energy security and reliability and to protect our environment, methane emissions must be reduced. Letter signed by 49 members of Congress. May 14, 2014

Anatomy of an Industry Front Group How the oil and gas industry runs the show at the Center for Sustainable Shale Development
    Public Accountability Initiative, August, 2014 report Executive Summary

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World resources Institute Posted Sept, 2014.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks (Exec Summary)
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World Resources Institute, Posted Sept, 2014.

UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
    Western Values Project, May, 2014.

Fracking Brussels: A Who's Who of the EU Shale Gas Lobby
    Friends of the Earth Europe; author Rachel Tansey, published july, 2014

A Summary Report of Perceptions of the Politics and Regulation of Unconventional Shale Development in Texas
    Authors: Sam Gallaher, Doctoral Candidate Jonathan Pierce, Post-Doctoral Scholar Chris Weible, Associate Professor Jennifer Kagan, Graduate Assistant Tanya Heikkila, Associate Professor Benjamin Blair, Research Associate School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado, Denver, July, 2014

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