CO2, Methane, and Brine Leakage Through Subsurface Pathways: Exploring Modeling, Measurement, and Policy Options
Author: Mary Kang, Princeton University, June 2014
Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction
Methane was detected in 82% of
drinking water samples, with average concentrations six times
higher for homes less than one km from natural gas wells. Ethane
was 23 times higher in homes less than one from gas wells. By Robert B. Jackson, Avner Vengosh,
Thomas H. Darrah,
Nathaniel R. Warner,
Adrian Down, Robert J. Poreda,
Stephen G. Osborn, Kaiguang Zhao, and Jonathan D. Karr published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. June 2013
Occurrence of Methane in Groundwater of South-Central New York State, 2012— Systematic Evaluation of a Glaciated Region by Hydrogeologic Setting
USGS Study: Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5190 by Paul M. Heisig and Tia-Marie Scott, 2013.
Fracking Canada: The Science is Deafening – Industry’s Gas Migration
A Public Interest Project by Ernst Environmental Services, 2013.
Baseline Methane Emissions in Damascus Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania
Report by Gas Safety Inc. Sept., 2012 to Damascus Citizens for Sustainability
Stray Natural Gas Migration Associated with Oil and Gas Wells
A draft report by the PA DEP details instances of gas migration. October 28, 2009.
Natural Gas Migration Problems in Western Pennsylvania
By the Pittsburgh Geological Society, undated.
TECHNICAL MEASURES FOR THE INVESTIGATION AND MITIGATION OF FUGITIVE METHANE HAZARDS IN AREAS OF COAL MINING
Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Appalachian Regional Coordinating Center Pittsburgh, PA September 2001 Kenneth K.Eltschlager, Mining Engineer, OSM, Jay W. Hawkins, Hydrologist, OSM
William C. Ehler, Geologist, OSM, Fred Baldassare, Hydrogeologist, PA DEP. US Department of the Interior, September, 2001.