ROBERT REDFORD: Fracking Puts Our Drinking Water at Risk
Other Videos of Interest:
WHAT YOU CAN DO
TO PREVENT FRACKING
STUDY: FRACKING DOESN'T CONTAMINATE DRINKING WATER, SHALE GAS WELLS DO
A recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examined eight clusters of drinking water contamination (seven in Pennsylvania and one in the Barnett Shale in Texas) and determined that in each case the underground injection of fracking fluid was not responsible for the elevated levels of methane, ethane, and propane in the drinking water. Instead, the contamination was traced to problems with the construction of the gas wells themselves. These problems include defective cement jobs, defective steel casing, and in one case, well failure. Lead author Thomas Darrah of The Ohio State University characterized this finding as "relatively good news," because improvements in well integrity could potentially reduce the number of contamination incidents.
But this raises an important question—does the industry know how to ensure the integrity of horizontally drilled shale gas wells? Maybe not. Another study (also published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences), examined compliance reports for the tens of thousands of gas wells drilled in Pennsylvania between 2000 and 2012 and found that shale gas wells had cement and casing problems far more often than conventional wells. It "predicted cumulative hazards exceeding 40%."
Another caveat: A single study of several water contamination clusters doesn't prove that fracking per se never contaminates drinking water. In the areas of Pennsylvania and Texas that were studied, the fracked gas formations are more than a mile underground. In other parts of the country where there have also been water contamination incidents, fracking has occurred within just a few hundred feet of nearby water wells. For example, in Pavillion, Wyoming, fracking occurred within 1,000 feet of the surface near water wells that are over 750 feet deep. Stanford University's Robert Jackson, coauthor of the water contamination study, told the Billings Gazette "Pavillion is a much more complicated place than where we looked at. The biggest difference is how near the surface the fracking occurred, and how close to people's water it was."
Read more about well integrity.
WHAT'S FRACKING? LOOK IT UP
The oil and gas industry has been using the term fracking for more than fifty years, but it has only recently found its way into dictionaries. In fact, it took Merriam-Webster until this month to include the word, along with hashtag and selfie. Fracking, of course, is the abbreviated form of hydraulic fracturing and is defined as "the injection of fluid into shale beds at high pressure in order to free up petroleum resources (such as oil or natural gas)." Merriam-Webster doesn't recognize the term as shorthand for the entire process of unconventional oil and gas extraction, which also includes wellpad construction, drilling etc. Words such as fractivist, which clearly connote opposition to all aspects of unconventional drilling, have not yet found their way into the dictionary.
The effect of natural gas supply on U.S. renewable energy and CO2 emissions, a study conducted by University of California, Irvine, Professor Christine Shearer and others and published in Environmental Research Letters, concludes that "increased natural gas use for electricity will not substantially reduce U.S. GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions, and by delaying deployment of renewable energy technologies, may actually exacerbate the climate change problem."
- Peter Mantius reports on a little-known loophole that permits corporations to avoid paying taxes on their fossil fuel investments. Because these structured investments, known as Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs), are only available for income derived from "depletable" natural resources, wind and solar energy are ineligible. For that reason, Mantius calls MLPs a "reverse carbon tax." The combined market value of these MLPs is now more than $500 billion.
- At the end of August, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection released a list of 243 private water wells that were damaged by oil and gas extraction.
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CCSE UPDATE AND PRESS RELEASES 2014
CCSE Update 09/30/2014
CCSE Update 08/26/2014
CCSE Update 07/22/2014
CCSE Update 06/24/2014
CCSE Update 05/20/2014
CCSE Update 04/22/2014
CCSE Update 03/18/2014
CCSE Update 01/28/2014
CCSE Update 01/07/2014
ECONOMIC IMPACT OF
SHALE GAS DRILLING
Read Selected Documents
Authored by Jannette M. Barth, Ph.D.
Can New York Learn from Texas?
. Economist Jannette Barth's latest analysis of the economic impact of shale gas plays.
Read more about LNG exports by entering the word "exports" in the Search feature of our website.
NEW ITEMS IN LEARN MORE
Video: FERC AIM Pipeline Scoping Cortlandt NY 9-15-14
Sahle Shock Media, 6 videos, 4 hours
Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
Oregon Sierra Club, Ted Gleichman, editor. August, 2014
The 2001–Present Induced Earthquake Sequence in the Raton Basin of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado
Authors: Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Ellsworth, Arthur McGarr, and Harley M. Benz,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, October 2014,
The URGENT Case for a Ban on Fracking
Food & Water Watch, Sept 2014
DEP PA Water Supply Determination Letters
The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities in Pennsylvania
The State Clean Energy Cookbook: A Dozen Recipes for State Action on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Standord Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance and Hoover Institutiion's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, posted September, 2014.
Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
by Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (Formerly the Journal of Environmental Monitoring), August13, 2014; abstract.
GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks
Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World resources Institute
Posted Sept, 2014.
GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks (Exec Summary)
Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World Resources Institute,
Posted Sept, 2014.
Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
August 2014., Creative Commons, Oregon Sierra Club.
TOXIC WORKPLACE: Fracking Hazards on the Job
Food & Water Watch, August 2014.
Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
Published: August 7, 2014 by Earthworks
By: Nadia Steinzor
FEMA Mitigation Policy: Limits on Subsurface Uses of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquired Lands
Policy Number: FP 302-405-146-1, May 5, 2014
Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased CO2
AUGUST 2014 EARTHWORKST OIL & GAS ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT
Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland
Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health School of Public Health
University of Maryland, College Park
Open Letter from members of Congress to Obama
"To enhance our nations' energy security and reliability and to protect our environment, methane emissions must be reduced. Letter signed by 49 members of Congress. May 14, 2014
Video: NRDC's Lehner discusses new stock market index for climate-conscious investing
Could a financial tool geared toward climate-conscious investment be the next generation of finance? During today's OnPoint, Peter Lehner, executive director of the Natural Resources Defense Council, discusses NRDC's new stock market index, launched along with BlackRock and FTSE Group, that excludes fossil fuel companies. He talks about the impacts a fossil fuel divestment strategy could have on Wall Street.
Anatomy of an Industry Front Group How the oil and gas industry runs the show at the Center for Sustainable Shale Development
Public Accountability Initiative, August, 2014 report Executive Summary
UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
Western Values Project, May, 2014.
Letter: Shale Gas Development and Mars Area School Permitting Decision
Physicians Scientists & Engineers for Healthy Energy letter to PA DEP dated Aug 12, 2014
Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines on Residential Property Assessment In Ontario
2012 Assessment Base Year Study. Municipal Property Assessment Corp.
Considerations in Signing an Easement Agreement
Pipeline Safety Coalition, Posted August, 2014
Landowner's Guide to Pipelines: Safety, Responsibilities, Your Rights
Pipeline Safety Trust, July 2014
FRACKING BEYOND THE LAW Despite Industry Denials, Investigation Reveals Continued Use of Diesel Fuels in Hydraulic Fracturing
The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws. Report Aug 13, 2014
After Action Review Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Incident Response Chevron Appalachia LLC - Lanco 7H Well Fire Dunkard Township, Greene County
This report provides an After Action Review (AAR) of the Chevron Appalachia LLC Lanco 7H well fire incident. This well fire incident occurred from February 11, 2014 through March 3, 2014.
SUMMARY OF BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONS INFORMATION GATHERING EFFORTS CHEVRON LANCO PAD A GAS WELL FIRE
This summary offers factual circumstances that may bear upon more complete evaluation of the Lanco A Well Fire and its cause(s).
Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
Earthworks report, August, 2014. Author: Nadia Steinzor. Earthworks' Oil & Gas Accountability Project
Blackout in the Gas Patch: How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement -
Report Executive Summary by Earthworks, August, 2014. Earthworks conducted a year-long investigation into how DEP permits and oversees gas and oil operations, what has occurred at certain loca- tions, and the circumstances facing numerous households and communities. - See more at: http://www.earthworksaction.org/library/detail/blackout_summary#.U-O8a1ZD5g0
Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development
Authors: Seth B.C. Shonkoff, Jake Hays and Madelon L. Finkel in Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol 122, Num 8, August, 2014
Fracking in the Digital Landscape
2014 Makovsky Report, Makovsky Integrated Communications
Lighting the Way The Top Ten States that Helped Drive America’s Solar Energy Boom in 2013
Jordan Schneider, Frontier Group
Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center
Biotic impacts of energy development from shale: research priorities and knowledge gaps
Authors: Sara Souther, Morgan W Tingley, Viorel D Popescu, David TS Hayman, Maureen E Ryan, Tabitha A Graves, Brett Hartl, and Kimberly Terrell. The Ecological Society of America, 2014.
* Exploitation of oil and gas reserves trapped in shale rock, including the extraction process known as “fracking”, poses substantial and unexplored risks to living creatures
• Understanding the biotic impacts of operations that fracture shale to access reserves is hindered by the unavailability of high-quality data about fracturing fluids, wastewater, and spills or violations
• The risks of chemical contamination from spills, deep well failures, storage leaks, and underground fluid migration are top research priorities
• Cumulative effects of shale development may represent the most severe threats to plants and animals, but are particularly challenging to study
Time Warner Cable News/Siena College Poll July 20-23, 2014 544 Registered Voters in Hudson Valley Southern Tier in New York
Q20. Switching gears, the State Department of Environmental Conservation - or DEC - is expected to soon issue a decision on whether or not to allow hydrofracking - that is, the proposed method to recover natural gas from parts of upstate New York - to move forward. How much have you heard or read about it - a great deal, some, not very much, or nothing at all?
Q21. Do you support or oppose the Department of Environmental Conservation allowing hydrofracking to move forward in parts of upstate New York?
Q22A. Hydrofracking is too dangerous as it leads to unsafe levels of methane gas being released
Q22B. Hydrofracking is important in order to harvest the abundant supply of natural gas that is otherwise currently inaccessible
DRINKING WATER: EPA Program to Protect Underground Sources from Injection of Fluids Associated With Oil and Gas Production Needs Improvement
GAO Report 14-555, June, 2014.
Improvements Needed in EPA Efforts to Address Methane Emissions From Natural Gas Distribution Pipelines
US EPA Inspector General Report 14-P-0324 dated July 25, 2014
Fracking Brussels: A Who's Who of the EU Shale Gas Lobby
Friends of the Earth Europe; author Rachel Tansey, published july, 2014
Shale gas and fracking: examining the evidence
Gwen Harrison, Stuart Parkinson and Gary McFarlane; Published by © Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) and the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health (CIEH) in July 2014
Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines: Process and Timing of FERC Permit Application Review
by Paul W. Parfomak
Specialist in Energy and Infrastructure Policy November 19, 2013; Congressional Research Servide
DEP’s performance in monitoring potential impacts to water quality from shale gas development, 2009 - 2012
PA DEP Special Performance Audit Report, July 21, 2014.
Development And Integration Of Renewable Energy: Lessons Learned From Germany
Published by FAA Financial Advisory AG (Finadvice), July 2014 by Hans Poser, Jeffrey Altman, Felix ab Egg, Andreas Granata, and Ross Board
Cashing in on all of the above: U.S. Fossil Fuel Production SUbSidieS Under obama
OilChange International, July, 2014. Researched and written by Shakuntala Makhijani, with assistance and contributions from Stephen Kretzmann and Elizabeth Bast.
?CATCHING THE WIND: STATE ACTIONS NEEDED TO SEIZE THE GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY OF ATLANTIC OFFSHORE WIND POWER
Authors: Catherine Bowes & Amber Hewett –– National Wildlife Federation, 2014.
Shalefield Stories: Personal & Collected Testimonies
Personal & collected stories published by Steel Valley Printers, January, 2014.
COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
Concerned Health Professionals of NY, July 10, 2014. Contains evidence of risks of air pollution, water contamination, inherent engineering problems, radioactive releases, occupational health and safety hazards, noise pollution, light pollution, strees, earthquake and seismic activity, abandoned & active wells, flood risks, threats to agriculture and soil quality, threats to climate system, inaccurate job claims, increased crime rates, threats to property values and mortgages, inflated estimates of reserves and profitability, disclosure of serious risks to investors, and medical and scientific calls for more study and more transparency.
Broken Ground On the frontlines of a fractured landscape
"Broken Ground" is a project of the David Suzuki Foundation. To learn more about environmental rights in Canada, visit: www.davidsuzuki.org/healthyenvironment
Written by Alvin Singh and Alaya Boisvert, edited by Gail Mainster and Ian Hanington. Site by Point Blank Creative
Fracking in Carroll County, Ohio An impact assessment
April, 2014 report by Policy Matters Ohio, provides impacts in cost and benefits.
pathways to deep decarbonization
Interim 2014 Report by Sustainable Development Solutions Network a Global Initiative for the United Nations, July 8, 2014. The Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) is a collaborative initiative to understand and show how individual countries can transition to a low-carbon economy and how the world can meet the internationally agreed target of limiting the increase in global mean surface temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius (°C).
Monitoring Forest Change in Landscapes Under-Going Rapid Energy Development: Challenges and New Perspectives
Authors: Paul D. Pickell, Sarah E. Gergel, Nicholas C. Coops and David W. Andison
Published July 2, 2014
Video: Fracking Goes Global
LinkTV--27 Minutes. (Earth Focus: Episode 52) US domestic gas production is on the rise because of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a controversial method of extracting natural gas from shale rock by pumping millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals underground at high pressure. Environmentalists say this gas boon threatens water supplies and pollutes air. Now, as fracking expands around the world, so does growing resistance. Earth Focus looks at three countries on the new fracking frontline: South Africa, Poland, and the UK. Reported from South Africa by Jeff Barbee and Andrew Wasley (The Ecologist) from Poland and the UK. Posted June, 2014.
GLOBAL SHALE GAS AND THE ANTI-FRACKING MOVEMENT Developing Union Perspectives and Approaches
Trade Unions for Energy Democracy and Cornell University The Worker Institute, June 2014
Monitoring Water Quality In Areas of Oil and Natural Gas Development: A Guide For Water Well Users
The Colorado Water and Energy Research Center. This guide walks water well users through the process of measuring baseline groundwater quality and quantity. Posted June, 2014
Discussion Paper: Hydraulic Fracturing and Public Health in Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Hydraulic Fracturing Independent Review and Public Engagement Process
Lead Author: Dr. Frank Atherton
Expert Panelists: Dr. Michael Bradfield, Kevin Christmas, Dr. Shawn Dalton, Dr. Maurice Dusseault, Dr. Graham Gagnon, Dr. Brad Hayes, Constance MacIntosh, Dr. Ian Mauro & Mr. Ray Ritcey Supporting Contributors: Margo MacGregor, Sarah Saunders & Dr. David Wheeler
To the Ends of the Earth: A Guide to Unconvential Fossil Fuels
Corporate Watch, June 2014. W hat are they? Where are they found? How are they Extracted?Social and Environmental issues. Climate changec ompanies involved Resistance!
Hydraulic fracturing and the management, disposal, and reuse of frac flowback waters: Views from the public in the Marcellus Shale
Authors: Gene L. Theodoria, A.E. Luloff, Fern K. Willits, David B. Burnett. Study Abstract published in Energy Research & Social Science, June, 2014.
CO2, Methane, and Brine Leakage Through Subsurface Pathways: Exploring Modeling, Measurement, and Policy Options
Author: Mary Kang, Princeton University
Air Toxics One Report: Oil Companies Used Millions of Air-Polluting Chemicals in Los Angeles Neighborhoods
An Analysis from the Center for Biological Diversity
, Physicians for Social Responsibility Los Angeles,
Communities for a Better Environment, and the
Center on Race, Poverty and the Environment
New York Court of Appeals Dryden Middlefield Home Rule !
No Fracking Way article by Chip Northrup on June 3, 2014. Includes video including Deborah Golderg of Earth Justice, the oral arguments and an interview with Helen Slottje. Links to press coverage on the trial.
Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Perspective on Exporting Liquefied Natural Gas from the United States
US Dept of Energy, National energy Technology Laboratory, Office of fossil Energy, May 29, 2014 report DOE/NETL-2014/1649. Authors: National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)
Timothy J. Skone, P.E.; Senior Environmental Engineer Strategic Energy Analysis and Planning Division Energy Sector Planning and Analysis (ESPA); Gregory Cooney, Matthew Jamieson, James Littlefield, Joe Marriott, Ph.D.
Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.
Post-ABC poll: EPA rules on greenhouse gases
June 2, 2014 poll on EPA rules on greenhouse gases
Why Energy Forecasting Goes Wildly Wrong
Oct 23, 2013 article by Steve Yetiv and Lowell Field in Journal of Energy Science
Beyond 2015: AN INNOVATION-BASED FRAMEWORK FOR GLOBAL CLIMATE POLICY
by Matthew Stepp & Megan Nicholson, May, 2014. Center for Clean energy Innovation
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permitting and Pretreatment for Shale Gas Extraction Wastewater Frequently Asked Questions
draft report issued March 7, 2014 by EPA Office of Wastewater Management
Natural Gas in Your Community Participating in Decision Making & Tracking Infrastructure a Clean Air Council handbook for residents
Clean Air Council...Federal and state agencies, as well as environmental organizations, promote public participation in decisions that affect air quality and public health. From writing comments on proposed rules or permits, to speaking at public hearings, having input from the public is a critical part of the process for ensuring that decisions related to natural gas development prioritize public health and the environment.
Health and fracking: Should the medical profession be concerned?
This article attempts to summarise the health concerns and discuss
them within the South African context. Published in the South African Medical Journal, May, 2014.