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Aerial footage filmed Dec. 17. shows potent, climate-damaging methane gases escaping from a massive natural gas leak at a storage facility in California's Aliso Canyon, with the San Fernando valley pictured in the background.
(Environmental Defense Fund- The Washington Post)

Other Videos of Interest:

Is it a lucrative source of state revenue or fracking folly? Dr. Anthony Ingraffea/Cornell University world expert, warns we just aren't ready to do it right.

DRN interview with Arthur Berman and Dr. Anthony Ingraffea/Cornell University discussing the enviromental effect of the extraction process and burning natural gas.

Emergency Press Conference 'Stop The Constitution Pipeline'


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Draft Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990 - 2013
    US Environmental Protection Agency, February 11 , 2015 An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenicsources and sinks of greenhouse gases is essential for addressing climate change. This inventory adheres to both a comprehensive and detailed set of methodologies for estimating sources and sinks of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, and a common and consistent mechanism that enables Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compare the relative contribution of different emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change.

Evaluating a groundwater supply contamination incident attributed to Marcellus Shale gas development
    Study Abstract. Study by Garth T. Llewellyn, Frank Dorman. L. Westland. Yoxtheimer, Paul Grieve, Todd Sowers, E. Humston-Fulmer, and Susan L. Brantley. Published by National Academy of Sciences, April 2, 2015.

Human exposure to unconventional natural gas development: A Public health demonstration of periodic high exposure to chemical mixtures in ambient air
    Written by David R. Brown, Celia Lewis & Beth I. Weinberger. Southwest Pennsylvania Environmenta Healt Project, McMurray, Pennsulvania, USA. Publishied online 03 Mar 2015

Know Your Oil Creating a Global Oil-Climate Index
    Written by Deborah Gordon, Adam Brandt, Joule Bergerson and Jonathan Koomey for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2015

License to Dump: New York Permits Pennsylvania to Dump Fracking Waste
    Despite Ban, New York Permits Pennsylvania to Dump Radioative Fracking Waste Inside Our Borders Elizabeth Moran for Environmental Advocates of NY, February 2015

RUNAWAY RISKS - Oil Trains and the Government's Failure to Protect People, Wildlife and the Environment
    Written by Jared Margolis, Center for Biological Diversity, February 2015

The Natural Gas Gamble A Risky Bet on America's Clean Energy Future
    Written by Jeff Deyette, Steven Clemmer, Rachel Cleetus, Sandra Sattler, Alison Bailie, Megan Rising for the Union of Concerned Scientists, March 2015

WASTING AWAY: Four states’ failure to manage gas and oil field wastefromtheMarcellus and Utica Shale
    Earthworks, April, 2015 AUTHORS: Nadia Steinzor and Bruce Baizel, Earthworks’ Oil & Gas Accountability Project. Report available at: http://wastingaway.earthworksaction.org

Well water contamination in a rural community in southwestern Pennsylvania near unconventional shale gas extraction
    Written by syama K. Alawattaegama, Tetiana Kondratyuk, Renee Krynock, Matthew Bricker, Jennifer K. Rutter, Daniel J. Bainc & John F. Stolzab Center for Environmental Research and Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania, USA Department of Biological Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Published online: 03 Mar 2015.

Administration Takes Steps Forward on Climate Announcing Actions to Cut Methane Emissions
    White House Press Release, January 14, 2015.

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    2nd edition December 11, 2014.

Developmental and reproductive effects of chemicals associated with unconventional oil and natural gas operations
    Written by Ellen Webb, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Amanda Cheng, Christopher D. Kassotis,Victoria Balise and Susan C. Nagel DeGruyter, December, 2014

Fracking Failures - Oil and Gas Industry Environmental Violations in Pennsylvania and What They Mean for the U.S.
    Written by: Jeff Inglis, Frontier Group, John Rumpler, Environment America Research & Policy Center, January 27, 2015

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Prepared for The Wilderness Society, Washington DC, Stratus Consulting, December 23 2014

Integrity Management of Gas Transmission Pipelines in High Consequence Areas
    NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Public Meeting of January 27, 2015 This is a synopsis from the NTSB’s Safety Study and does not include the Board’s rationale for the conclusions and safety recommendations. NTSB staff is currently making final revisions to the report from which the attached conclusions and safety recommendations have been extracted.

Offshore Energy by the Numbers
    An Economic Analysis of Offshore Drilling and Wind Energy in the Atlantic. ANDREW MENAQUALE January 2015 for Oceana

Potential Consumer Price Impacts of Efforts to Rapidly Expand Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas
    by Alison Cassady for Center for American Progress, January 27, 2015

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing For Shale Gas Development
    New York State Department of Health, December 17, 2014.

Draft Guidelines for Energy Infrastructure Development
    Guidance on when and how to consider greenhouse gas emissions and climate change for all Federal actions. December 2014

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    Published by NRDC, December, 2014.

Predictors of Indoor Radon Concentrations in Pennsylvania, 1989-2013
    Joan A. Casey, Elizabeth L. Ogburn, Sara G. Rasmussen, Jennifer K. Irving, Jonathan Pollak, Paul A. Locke, and Brian S. Schwartz For Environmental Health Perspectives Advance Publication April 9 2015

Towards an understanding of the environmental and public health impacts of shale gas development: an analysis of the peer-reviewed scientific literature, 2009-2014
    December 10, 2014.

Global Shale Gas & Drinking Ground Water Reserves & Earthquake Regions
    Sources: WVGISTC, WVU, WRI, UNESCO, USGS, NASA; posted December, 2014.

Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    Published by NYPIRG, December 2014.

Letter from Economist Jannette Barth to Governor Andrew Cuomo
    The true economic impact of fracking. December 4, 2014

Fracking Frenzy: How the Fracking Industry is Threatening the Planet
    Friends of the Earth Europe, December, 2014.

Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas on Drinking Water Resources (External Review Draft)
    Abstract Cover of the external review draft of the hydraulic fracturing drinking water research report This assessment provides a review and synthesis of available scientific literature and data to assess the potential for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas to impact the quality or quantity of drinking water resources, and identifies factors affecting the frequency or severity of any potential impacts.

Medina Conty Auditor on Impact of Nexus Pipeline on Property Values
    May 13, 2015, Medina, Ohio

Bringing a Health Impact Assessment to the Question of Hydraulic Fracking in New York State—a talking points document
    By Sandra Steingraber, undated.

INNOVATION: MANAGING RISK, NOT AVOIDING IT. Evidence and Case Studies
    Annual Report of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2014. The report project team was David Bennett, Graeme Collinson, Mike Edbury, Elizabeth Surkovic and Jack Wardle. Published November, 2014.

Star Power The Growing Role of Solar Energy in America
    Written by: Judee Burr and Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group and Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, November, 2014

NYS Supreme Court Decision: Gaebel vs Braunstein
    May 21, 2015 decision..."we conclude that their Lake Huntington residences are, in fact, legitimate ones for voting purposes. Accordingly, Supreme Court erred in declaring the Lake Huntington voters' absentee ballots invalid and directing that their names be stricken from the registry of voters." Allowing 2nd Home Owners to vote at their 2nd home.

Regional air quality impacts of hydraulic fracturing and shale natural gas activity: Evidence from ambient VOC observations
    Authors: Timothy Vinciguerra, Simon Yao, Joseph Dadzie, Alexa Chittams, Thomas Deskins, Sheryl Ehrman, Russell R. Dickerson. Atmospheric Environment, March, 26, 2015.

Ecosystem services lost to oil and gas in North America Net primary production reduced in crop and rangelands
    By Brady W. Allred, W. Kolby Smith, Dirac Twidwell, Julia H. Haggerty, Steven W. Running, David E. Naugle, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf. Science Magazine, April 24, 2015, VOL 348 ISSUE 6233

Letter: Scrutiny of the full lifecycle process of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing (HVHF) must also be applied to Spectra Algonquin Incremental Market (AIM) pipeline expansion project
    Letter dated Feb 5, 2015 to Cuomo, Zucker and Martens signed by 47 organizations and invididuals.

Frackademia in Depth An analysis of the oil and gas industry's case for fracking
    Public Accountability initiative, Feb., 2015

Iodide, Bromide, and Ammonium in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Wastewaters: Environmental Implications
    Authors: Jennifer S. Harkness, Gary S. Dwyer, Nathaniel R. Warner, Kimberly M. Parker §, William A. Mitch, and Avner Vengosh, american Chemical Society, Jan 14, 2015.

The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unusedwhen limiting global warming to 26C
    Letter: Christophe McGlade & Paul Ekins, Nature, Jan 2015

Pipelines Safety And Security: Is It No More Than A Pipe Dream?
    Methane leaks and explodes, Canadian tar sands crude sinks, and computerized control systems are being hacked. Is publicly-acceptable safety and security a realistic prospect?Author: Trudy E. Bell in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, Winter 2015.

The Facts about Kinder Morgan
    by Eric de Place, Dec, 2014. Sightline Institute

Aquifer Exemptions: A first-ever look at the regulatory program that writes off drinking water resources for oil, gas and uranium profits
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report; Jan, 2015. Author: John Noel

Regulating Oil & Gas Activities to Protect Drinking Water: The Safe Drinking Water Act’s Underground Injection Control Program — Overview and Concerns
    Clean Water Action/Clean Water Fund Report, Jan, 2015.

Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States -- Draft
    US Department of Energy, November 2014

Direct measurements of methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas wells in Pennsylvania
    Study Authors: Mary Kanga, Cynthia M. Kannoa, Matthew C. Reida, Xin Zhangb, Denise L. Mauzeralla, Michael A. Celiaa, Yuheng Chenc, and Tullis C. Onstottc. National Academy of the Sciences, USA, Cross Mark, Nov., 2014.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Liquid Unloadings
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Adam P. Pacsi, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Methane Emissions from Process Equipment at Natural Gas Production Sites in the United States: Pneumatic Controllers
    Study Authors: David T. Allen, Adam P. Pacsi, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.

Deep Drilling, Deep Pockets The Political Expenditures of the Natural Gas Industry In Pennsylvania – 2014 Update
    The Marcellus Money project has been tracking the natural gas (or “fracking”) industry’s campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures in Pennsylvania since 2009, when the Marcellus Shale natural gas boom was moving into high gear. This 2014 update to the project re-focuses the period of analysis to 2007 Cycle 1 – 2014 Cycle 5 (previous releases included data from 2001 forward). The data and more information can be viewed online at www.marcellusmoney.org

BURNING MONEY Updating Rules for Oil and Gas Loss on Federal Lands
    Taxpayers for Common Sense, Making Government Work, November, 2014.

IN THE PITS : Oil and Gas Wastewater Disposal into Open Unlined Pits and the Threat to California’s Water and Air
    Clean Water Action, Clean Water Fund Report, November, 2014

NATURAL GAS EXPORTS: WASHINGTON’S REVOLVING DOOR FUELS CLIMATE THREAT
    Lee Fang from Republic Reports and Steve Horn from De Smog Blog, November, 2014

The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration
    Written by Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard and Shelagh Whitley, Oil Change International and Overseas Development Institute November, 2014

A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Unconventional Gas Development in the United Kingdom
    Environmental, Human Health and Climate Impacts Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations. Commissioned by The Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation. Written by Anna Grear, Evadne Grant, Dr. Tom Kerns, Professor Karen Morrow, Dr. Damien Short. Published October 30, 2014

Air concentrations of volatile compounds near oil and gas production: a community-based exploratory study
    Authors: Gregg P Macey, Ruth Breech, Mark Chernaik, Caroline Cox, Denny Larson, Deb Thomas and David O Carpenter for Environmental Health. Published October 30, 2014

DRILLING DEEPER A REALITY CHECK ON U.S. GOVERNMENT FORECASTS FOR A LASTING TIGHT OIL & SHALE GAS BOOM
    by J. David Hughes, Post Carbon Institute, October, 2014

Drilling in California: Who’s at Risk?
    Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman, Natural Resources Defense Council, Posted October, 2014.

FOOD, FOSSIL FUELS AND FILTHY FINANCE
    Oxfam Briefing Paper 191, October 17, 2014

FRACKING’S TOXIC LOOPHOLE Thanks to the “Halliburton Loophole,” Hydraulic Fracturing Companies Are Injecting Chemicals More Toxic than Diesel
    Environmental Integrity Project, October 22, 2014. This report was researched and written by Eric Schaeffer and Courtney Bernhardt. The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws.

Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines
    Impact of Industrial Wind Turbines on Residential Property Assessment In Ontario 2012 Assessment Base Year Study. Municipal Property Assessment Corp.

MATERIAL RISKS: HOW PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IS SLOWING TAR SANDS DEVELOPMENT
    This paper was conceived, written and researched collectively by Tom Sanzillo, Lorne Stockman, Deborah Rogers, Hannah McKinnon, Elizabeth Bast, and Steve Kretzmann with assistance and/or additional contributions from Adam Wolfensohn, and Amin Asadollahi for the Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis, October, 2014.



Wastewater disposal and earthquake swarm activity at the southern end of the Central Valley, California
    Study authors: T. H. W. Goebel, S. M. Hosseini, F. Cappa, E. Hauksson, J. P. Ampuero, F. Aminzadeh, J. B. Saleeby. Geophysical Research Letters, An AGU Journal. Feb 4, 2016.Our results suggest that induced seismicity may remain undetected in California without detailed analysis of local geologic setting, seismicity, and fluid diffusion.

Wastewater Disposal Wells, Fracking, and Environmental Injustice in Southern Texas.
    Am J Public Health. 2016 Jan 21:e1-e7. Author: Johnston JE, Werder E, Sebastian D. proportion of people of color living less than 5 kilometers from a disposal well was 1.3 times higher than was the proportion of non-Hispanic Whites. Adjusting for rurality, disposal wells were 2.04 times (95% confidence interval?=?2.02, 2.06) as common in areas with 80% people of color or more than in majority White areas. Disposal wells are also disproportionately sited in high-poverty areas. :

The impact of methane leakage on achieving Clean Power Plan emission goals
    Physicians Scientists & Engineers Healthy Energy. Authors:Zeke Hausfather | UC Berkeley/Berkeley Earth Elena Krieger, PhD | PSE Healthy Energy January 27, 2016 The EPA’s Clean Power Plan aims to cut 32% of power sector greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, for the first time regulating climate pollutants from the sector responsible for the largest portion of these emissions. However, if upstream methane emissions are not taken into consideration, these efforts may fall far short of achieving real reductions of this magnitude across the lifecycle of electricity generation. The

The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development†
    By Lucija Muehlenbachs, Elisheba Spiller, and Christopher Timmins, American Economic Review 2015. Using data from Pennsylvania and an array of empirical techniques to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from nearby shale gas development that vary with water source, well productivity, and visibility. Results indicate large negative impacts on nearby groundwater-dependent homes, while piped-water-dependent homes exhibit smaller positive impacts, suggesting benefits from lease payments. Results have implications for the debate over regulation of shale gas development.

UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
    Western Values Project: A Voice for Western Values, May, 2014. Due to a combination of wasteful industry practices and lax federal policies, last year between 111.8 and 133.1 million mcf1 of natural gas produced energy market.

Long-term PM2.5 Exposure and Neurological Hospital Admissions in the Northeastern United States
    Study Authors: Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Joel D. Schwartz, Marc G. Weisskopf, Steven J. Melly, Yun Wang, Francesca Dominici, and Antonella Zanobetti. Environmental Health Perspectives, January, 2016. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the relationship between long-term exposure to PM2.5 and time to first hospitalization for common neurodegenerative diseases. We found strong evidence of association for all three outcomes. Our findings provide the basis for further studies, as the implications of such exposures could be crucial to public health.

Low-Concentration PM2.5 and Mortality: Estimating Acute and Chronic Effects in a Population-Based Study
    Study authors: Liuhua Shi, Antonella Zanobetti, Itai Kloog, Brent A. Coull, Petros Koutrakis, Steven J. Melly, and Joel D. Schwartz Environmental Health Perspectives, January 2016. Conclusions: Using a mutually adjusted model, we estimated significant acute and chronic effects of PM2.5 exposure below the current U.S. EPA standards. These findings suggest that improving air quality with even lower PM2.5 than currently allowed by U.S. EPA standards may benefit public health.

Review of Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactivity Materials (TENORM) Study Report
    December 2015 report By Marvin Resnikoff, Ph.D. for Delaware Riverkeeper Network Bristol, Pennsylvania

The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development†
    Report By Lucija Muehlenbachs, Elisheba Spiller, and Christopher Timmins in american Economic Review 2015, 105(12):3633-3659

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    Concerned Health Professions of NY, PHysicians for Social Responsibility, 3rd edition, Oct, 2015

Evidence from two shale regions that a riparian songbird accumulates metals associated with hydraulic fracturing Read More: http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/ES14-00406.1
    authors: Steven C. Latta, Leesia C. Marshall, Mack W. Frantz, and Judith D. Toms for Ecological Society of America, Sept, 2015.

Study: Fracking Industry Wells Associated with Premature Birth --New research suggests increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes closer to active unconventional natural gas wells
    Newswise — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Unconventional Natural Gas Development and Birth Outcomes in Pennsylvania, USA. (Abstract)
    Authors: Casey JA, Savitz DA, Rasmussen SG, Ogburn EL, Pollak J, Mercer DG, Schwartz BS. Prenatal residential exposure to unconventional natural gas development activity was associated with two pregnancy outcomes, adding to evidence that unconventional natural gas development may impact health.

A Flaring Shame: North Dakota & the Hidden Fracking Subsidy
    Report authored by Lukas Ross, Climate and Energy Campaigner at Friends of the Earth and peer reviewed by Thomas O. Singer, PhD, Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center. Sept, 2015

The Economic Impact of Shale Gas Development: A Natural Experiment along the New York / Pennsylvania Border
    Authors: Brendan M. Cosgrove, Daniel R. LaFave, Sahan T. M. Dissanayake, and Michael R. Donihue for Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 44/2 (August 2015).

Study Uses Internet and Social Media to Show How Fracking Documentary Influenced Public Perception and Political Change
    American Sociological Association Study published Sept 2, 2015 online and in October print issue of American Sociological Review. " ...a University of Iowa (UI) sociologist and his co-researchers are the first to use the Internet and social media to systematically show how a documentary film reshaped public perception and ultimately led to municipal bans on hydraulic fracking."

EPA’s Air Rules for the Oil & Natural Gas Industry SUMMARY OF KEY CHANGES TO THE NEW SOURCE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
    On April 17, 2012, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued cost-effective regulations, required by the Clean Air Act, to reduce harmful air pollution from the oil and natural gas industry while allowing continued, responsible growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production.

Oil and Natural Gas Sector: New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Reviews
    Federal Register/ Vol. 77, No. 159, August 16, 2012 NVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 60 and 63 [EPA–HQ–OAR–2010–0505; FRL–9665–1] RIN 2060–AP76

Proposed measures to cut methane and VOC emissions from the oil and natural gas industry and clarify permitting requirements
    August 18, 2015 - EPA has proposed a suite of commonsense requirements that together will help combat climate change, reduce air pollution that harms public health, and provide greater certainty about Clean Air Act permitting requirements for the oil and natural gas industry.

How Fracking And Earthquakes Could Open Fissures In Credit Quality
    S & P Capital, August 2015 Overview Increased fracking and rising natural gas and oil supply in the U.S. will continue altering the U.S. economy, with broad economic implications. The practice of fracking is clearly controversial. Environmentalists and local residents have raised a number of concerns, and many within and outside of the energy industry continue to study these issues. We believe increased earthquakes near fracking sites represent a risk that could harm investors across various sectors. While the scientific and legal debates concerning fracking as the cause of increased earthquakes continue, the increased frequency and intensity of earthquakes in certain areas is clear. The risks these earthquakes pose could lead to various credit and economic changes.

CALIFORNIA’S FRACKING FLUIDS: THE CHEMICAL RECIPE
    Environmental Working Group Authors: Tasha Stoiber, EWG Senior Scientist; Bill Walker, EWG Consultant; Bill Allayaud, EWG California Director of Government Affairs. Published August, 2015.

The Potential Environmental Impact from Fracking in the Delaware River Basin
    Authors: Steven Habicht, Lars Hanson and Paul Faeth. August, 2015. Study published by CNA Analysis & Solutions

Measurements of methane emissions at natural gas production sites in the United States
    Page 3 begins the study article: Authors: David T. Allena, Vincent M. Torresa, James Thomasa, David W. Sullivana, Matthew Harrisonb, Al Hendlerb, Scott C. Herndonc, Charles E. Kolbc, Matthew P. Fraserd, A. Daniel Hille, Brian K. Lambf, Jennifer Miskiminsg, Robert F. Sawyerh, and John H. Seinfeldi Edited by Susan L. Brantley, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, and approved August 19, 2013 (received for review March 20, 2013)

Drivers of the US CO2 emissions 1997–2013
    Kuishuang Feng, Steven J. Davis, Laixiang Sun, & Klaus Hubacek. Published July 21, 2015, Nature Communications Fossil fuel CO2 emissions in the United States decreased by B11% between 2007 and 2013, from 6,023 to 5,377 Mt. This decline has been widely attributed to a shift from the use of coal to natural gas in US electricity production. However, the factors driving the decline have not been quantitatively evaluated; the role of natural gas in the decline therefore remains speculative.

Drivers of the US CO2 emissions 1997–2013: Abstract
    Authors: Kuishuang Feng, Steven J. Davis, Laixiang Sun & Klaus Hubacek. Published July 21, 2015. Nature Communications

Unconventional Gas and Oil Drilling Is Associated with Increased Hospital Utilization Rates
    Authors: Thomas Jemielita , George L. Gerton , Matthew Neidell, Steven Chillrud, Beizhan Yan, Martin Stute, Marilyn Howarth, Pouné Saberi, Nicholas Fausti, Trevor M. Penning, Jason Roy, Kathleen J. Propert, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr. Published July 15, 2015 Funded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Using Multi-Scale Measurements to Improve Methane Emission Estimates from Oil and Gas Operations in the Barnett Shale Region, Texas
    Environmental Defense Fund Study, July, 2015. Authors: Robert Harriss, Ramon A. Alvarez, David Lyon, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Drew Nelson, and Steven P. Hamburg. Published in Environmental Science & Technology.

SHINING REWARDS The Value of Rooftop Solar Power for Consumers and Society
    Lindsey Hallock, Frontier Group & Rob Sargent, Environment America Research & Policy Center, Summer 2015.

Onshore Petroleum and Natural Gas Operations on Federal and Tribal Lands in the United States Analysis of Emissions and Abatement Opportunities
    ICF International Report, June 22, 2015. Project Scope and Objective 1. Characterize natural gas and methane emissions from federal and tribal lands • By state • By segment (Production, Gathering, Processing, Transmission, and Storage) • By emission source (e.g., pneumatics, compressors, flaring) 2. Determine the value of gas lost due to venting, flaring, and fugitives from federal and tribal lands 3. Determine the potential for mitigation on federal and tribal lands • Estimate any differences in cost efficiency of reduction options between National and federal/ tribal lands

NEW ENERGY OUTLOOK 2015 POWERING A CHANGING WORLD
    New Energy Outlook (NEO) is Bloomberg New Energy Finance's annual long-term view of how the world's power markets will evolve in the future. Lead Author: Seb Henbest, Elena Giannakopoulou, June, 2015

FRACKING POLLUTION: HOW TOXIC CHEMICALS FROM FRACKING COULD AFFECT WILDLIFE AND PEOPLE IN THE UK AND EU
    CHEM Trust Protecting humans and wildlife from harmful chemicals. Report authors: Dr. Michael Warhust, Gwen Buck and Phillip Lightowlers.

A Comprehensive Analysis of Groundwater Quality in The Barnett Shale Region
    Report by Environmental Science & Technology, June 7, 2015. Authors: Zacariah Louis Hildenbrand, Doug D Carlton, Brian Fontenot, Jesse M. Meik, Jayme Walton, Josh Taylor, Jonathan Thacker, Stephanie Korlie, C. Phillip Shelor, Drew Henderson, Akinde Florence Kadjo, Corey Roelke, Paul F. Hudak, Taylour Burton, Hanadi S. Rifai, and Kevin A. Schug

An Evaluation of Water Quality in Private Drinking Water Wells Near Natural Gas Extraction Sites in the Barnett Shale Formation
    Abstract. Study authors: Brian E. Fontenot, Laura R. Hunt, Zacariah L. Hildenbrand, Doug D. Carlton Jr., Hyppolite Oka, Jayme L. Walton, Dan Hopkins, Alexandra Osorio, Bryan Bjorndal, Qinhong H. Hu, and Kevin A. Schug. July 25, 20134

NEW TRACERS CAN IDENTIFY FRACKING FLUIDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
    Authors: Avner Vengosh and Robert Jackson, Duke University. Scientists have developed new geochemical tracers that can identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. Published October 20, 2014

Warning Sign: Toxic air Pollution Identified at Oil and Gas Development Sites
    Results from Community Air Monitoring Reveal Chemicals Linked to Health Hazards. Published by Coming Clean and Global Community Monitor. Published October, 2014

Safety Advisory Bulletin - Guidance for Pipeline Flow Reversals, Product Changes and Conversion to Service
    Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration September, 2014

A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Development
    NYS Department of Health report, Dec 2014

Drilling Down: Local Fracking Decisions Highlight Failures in New York’s Municipal Ethics Laws
    New York Public Interest Research Group December 2014; authors Russ Haven & Cathleen Breen.

Fracking Fumes: Air Pollution from Hydraulic Fracturing Threatens Public Health and Communities
    NRDC Issue Brief; Tanja Srebotnjak and Miriam Rotkin-Ellman.

Public Perceptions of the Health Consequences of Global Warming
    George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication, Oct., 2014

COMPENDIUM OF SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL, AND MEDIA FINDINGS DEMONSTRATING RISKS AND HARMS OF FRACKING (UNCONVENTIONAL GAS AND OIL EXTRACTION)
    Report by Concerned Health Professionals of NY, 2nd Edition, Dec 11, 2014

Managing the Risks of Hydraulic Fracturing ?
    Fraser Institute Report by Kenneth P. Green, posted Dec, 2014.

2014 DISCLOSING THE FACTS: TRANSPARENCY AND RISK IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
    AUTHORS Richard Liroff, Investor Environmental Health Network Danielle Fugere, As You Sow Lucia von Reusner, Green Century Capital Management, Inc. Steven Heim, Boston Common Asset Management, LLC, posted Dec, 2014

Environmental Funding in New York State
    Report by Thomas P. DiNapoli New York State Comptroller, Prepared by the Office of Budget and Policy Analysis

Unsafe & Unsustainable: Experts Review the Center for Sustainable Shale Development’s Performance Standards for Shale Gas Development
    prepared for The Delaware Riverkeeper Network, 2014

Waste Not: Common Sense Ways to Reduce Methane Pollution from the Oil and Natural Gas Industry
    Clean Air Task Force Report Summary. The full report will be available in Dec, 2014. Earthjustice, Earthworks, and Environmental Defense Fund have reviewed this report. The full text of the report will be available online at http://catf.us/resources/publications/view/205

Climate Solutions for a Stronger America: A Guide for Engaging and Winning on Climage Change & Clean Energy
    2nd Edition, 2014; Authors Betsy Taylor and Kathy Washienko, Breakthrough Strategies & Solutions, Inc.


    Crispin Pierce, Kristin Walters, Jeron Jacobson and Zachary Kroening University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire; Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press). Abstract: The rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction in the U.S. has led to more than 140 permitted “frac” sand mines and processing plants in Wisconsin.

PM2.5 Airborne Particulates near Frac Sand Operations--Acceptance Letter
    Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press).

Video: FRACK US: the dangers of gas fracking.
    RT Documentary--53 minutes. Published on Oct 10, 2014 All across the USA people are rising up against fracking. They don’t believe the process is safe and think it causes wide-scale land contamination. Ever more extraction sites are being approved and developed with new plant being built in once idyllic landscapes.

Department of the Army Letter: Permit Application by Constitution Pipeline Co., LLC
    Letter dated Oct 8, 2014 regarding construction of a new 124-mile-long natural gas pipeline.

Strengthening the EPA’s Clean Power Plan Increasing renewable energy use will achieve greater emissions reductions
    Union of Concerned Scientists Policy Brief, Oct. 2014. Document also available at: www.ucsusa.org/renewablesandcleanpowerplan

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fossil Energy Extracted from Federal Lands and Waters: An Update
    Wilderness Society Report by Stratus Consulting, Sept, 2014

Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas
    Nature, Oct, 2014. Authors: Haewon McJeon, Jae Edmonds, Nico Bauer, Leon Clarke, Brian Fisher, Brian P. Flannery, Jérôme Hilaire, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Raymond Mi, Keywan Riahi, Holger Rogner & Massimo Tavoni "Our results show that although market penetration of globally abundant gas may substantially change the future energy system, it is not necessarily an effective substitute for climate change mitigation policy9, 10.:

Upper Delaware River Basin: One of 10 Special Places
    As natural gas extraction expands across the Central Appalachian region, that industrial-scale energy development is encroaching on public lands that are critically important for fishing and hunting. In this report, Trout Unlimited takes a deeper look into those public places, outlining the potential risks posed by gas drilling operations and providing recommendations from sportsmen and women that promote responsible energy development.

The 2001–Present Induced Earthquake Sequence in the Raton Basin of Northern New Mexico and Southern Colorado
    Authors: Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Ellsworth, Arthur McGarr, and Harley M. Benz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, October 2014,

The URGENT Case for a Ban on Fracking
    Food & Water Watch, Sept 2014

DEP PA Water Supply Determination Letters
    The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities in Pennsylvania

The State Clean Energy Cookbook: A Dozen Recipes for State Action on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Standord Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance and Hoover Institutiion's Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy, posted September, 2014.

Organic compounds in produced waters from shale gas wells
    by Samuel J. Maguire-Boyle and Andrew R. Barron, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (Formerly the Journal of Environmental Monitoring), August13, 2014; abstract.

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    August 2014., Creative Commons, Oregon Sierra Club.

TOXIC WORKPLACE: Fracking Hazards on the Job
    Food & Water Watch, August 2014.

Blackout in the Gas Patch How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement
    How Pennsylvania Residents are Left in the Dark on Health and Enforcement Published: August 7, 2014 by Earthworks By: Nadia Steinzor -

FEMA Mitigation Policy: Limits on Subsurface Uses of Hazard Mitigation Assistance Acquired Lands
    Policy Number: FP 302-405-146-1, May 5, 2014

Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased CO2
    AUGUST 2014 EARTHWORKST OIL & GAS ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT

Climate Impacts of Natural Gas Production and LNG Export: A Synopsis of Current Science
    Oregon Sierra Club, Ted Gleichman, editor. August, 2014

Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland
    July 2014 Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health School of Public Health University of Maryland, College Park

Open Letter from members of Congress to Obama
    "To enhance our nations' energy security and reliability and to protect our environment, methane emissions must be reduced. Letter signed by 49 members of Congress. May 14, 2014

Anatomy of an Industry Front Group How the oil and gas industry runs the show at the Center for Sustainable Shale Development
    Public Accountability Initiative, August, 2014 report Executive Summary

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World resources Institute Posted Sept, 2014.

GLOBAL SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Water Availability and Business Risks (Exec Summary)
    Authors: PAUL REIG, TIANYI LUO, AND JONATHAN N. PROCTOR; World Resources Institute, Posted Sept, 2014.

UP IN FLAMES: Taxpayers Left Out in the Cold as Publicly Owned Natural Gas is Carelessly Wasted
    Western Values Project, May, 2014.

Fracking Brussels: A Who's Who of the EU Shale Gas Lobby
    Friends of the Earth Europe; author Rachel Tansey, published july, 2014

A Summary Report of Perceptions of the Politics and Regulation of Unconventional Shale Development in Texas
    Authors: Sam Gallaher, Doctoral Candidate Jonathan Pierce, Post-Doctoral Scholar Chris Weible, Associate Professor Jennifer Kagan, Graduate Assistant Tanya Heikkila, Associate Professor Benjamin Blair, Research Associate School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado, Denver, July, 2014

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WHAT YOU CAN DO

ASK PRESIDENT OBAMA TO STAND STRONG ON KEYSTONE Take Action!
TELL CONGRESS TO DENY FAST TRACK STATUS TO TPP! Take Action!
GOVERNOR CUOMO VETO PORT AMBROSE Take Action!

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CCSE UPDATE AND PRESS RELEASES 2015


CCSE Update 12/10/2015
CCSE Update 10/27/2015
CCSE Update 09/03/2015
CCSE Update 01/22/2015

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF
SHALE GAS DRILLING


Read Selected Documents Authored by Jannette M. Barth, Ph.D.

Can New York Learn from Texas?. Economist Jannette Barth's latest analysis of the economic impact of shale gas plays.

Read more about LNG exports by entering the word "exports" in the Search feature of our website.




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an all-volunteer grassroots organization.


An all-volunteer grassroots organization with members throughout New York and around the country.

We support the American Clean Energy Agenda. Find out how your organization can also lend its support info@catskillcitizens.org.




TELL GOVERNOR CUOMO: KILL THE CONSTITUTION PIPELINE ONCE AND FOR ALL! CALL (877) 235 6537    TELL GOVERNOR CUOMO: KILL THE CONSTITUTION PIPELINE ONCE AND FOR ALL! CALL (877) 235 6537

Please share this link, cut and past to Facebook and Twitter.
http://bit.ly/1RzH6eL


Governor Cuomo:
"KEYSTONE" THE CONSTITUTION PIPELINE

      Please Take Part In This Effort! Take Action!
Email Governor Cuomo and ask him to
"Kill The Constitutional Pipeline Once and For All."


Call the governor today at (877) 235-6537   Talking Points for Phone Calls


For over three years, landowners and ordinary citizens have been blocking construction of the 121-mile long "Constitution" Pipeline. Hundreds of parcels of private property have been forcibly seized, and if the project is permitted to go forward a thousand acres of forested land will be clear-cut, and hundreds of protected wetlands, pristine trout streams, and critical drinking-water supplies will be disturbed and inevitably degraded.

Last year the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, a so-called "independent" body, which functions as a captive agency of the oil and gas industry, did what it always does—it rubber stamped the pipeline company's license application, permitting it to transport fracked gas from Pennsylvania's declining shale gas fields to upstate New York.

At this point, there's only one thing still standing in the way of the bulldozers—the pipeline company hasn't been able to obtain a certificate from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation stating that the project will not threaten New York's water resources.

To make such a determination, the DEC would have to ignore a mountain of evidence. The grassroots group Stop the Pipeline has documented the devastating impacts that the Constitution Pipeline will have on New York's water resources.
  • It will cut through eleven-miles of protected wetlands and trench hundreds of waterways, disrupting sensitive ecosystems that are critical to preserving water quality and preventing flooding.
  • The pipeline will only be built to withstand five-year flood events—in a region that has recently experienced three one hundred-year floods.
  • Over thirty miles of stream banks will be clear-cut, increasing erosion and exacerbating flooding.
  • Increased turbidity due to erosion and elevated water temperatures due to streamside shade removal will harm trout populations and violate several DEC regulations.
  • Buried at a depth of only five-feet, and running under scores of creeks and streams, the pipeline risks being exposed, and possibly ruptured, by racing floodwaters.
What happens now all depends on one man, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo. Will he succumb to pressure from gas industry lobbyists—or will he order the DEC to follow the facts and kill the pipeline once and for all by rejecting the application for a water-quality certificate?

The Constitution Pipeline is Andrew Cuomo's Keystone XL. If built, this unwanted, unneeded, pipeline will increase our reliance on a climate-wrecking fossil fuel at a time when the whole world knows that we need to be investing in sustainable energy systems.

Last month, President Obama helped shape his legacy by rejecting the Keystone Pipeline saying, "America is now a global leader when it comes to taking serious action to fight climate change, and frankly, approving this project would have undercut that leadership."

It's your move Governor Cuomo.



LATEST NEWS


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Search All News Items

Feb 8, 2016
TruStar Energy expands compressed natural gas stations
Akron Beacon Journal
Bob Downing

WHITE PLAINS, N.Y., Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- TruStar Energy, one of the nation's leading developers of compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations, announced today that the company completed 41 stations for public and private use in 2015, almost doubling the number of CNG stations from 2014, a...  [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Tinicum Conservancy makes strategy for removing gas leases
The Intelligencer
Christopher Ullery

Upper Bucks County landowners who want to remove an oil and natural gas lease from their deed can now get help through a plan developed by the Tinicum Conservancy.   [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Mark Ruffalo to David Cameron: Fracking Push Is ‘Enormous Mistake’
EcoWatch
Cole Mellino

Actor and environmental activist Mark Ruffalo warned in a video message to UK Prime Minister David Cameron that he was making an “enormous mistake” by “going all out” for fracking.   [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Many Chemicals Used in Texas Fracking Remain a Mystery
5BNCDFW
Susan Carroll & Matt Dempsey

For the past five years, biochemist Zac Hildenbrand has investigated potential links between unconventional drilling and water quality, collecting thousands of samples throughout the major shale plays in Texas.  [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
A vow to fight any attempts to bypass locals on fracking
Northumberland Gazette
Ben OConnell

A north Northumberland councillor ‘condemns with all his might’ any attempt by the Government to exclude local people from decisions on fracking. R  [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
@EPA Missed Thousands of Water Complaints After Telling Public Fracking is Safe
Public Herald
Melissa Troutman

In September 2015, Public Herald published a groundbreaking report about the release of thousands of citizen complaints related to water contamination from unconventional oil and gas mining – or ‘fracking’ – in Pennsylvania, and a massive cover-up on the scale and scope of drinking water pollution a...  [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Scottish Greens pledge to ban fracking as party launches campaign
Herald Scotland
Magnus Gardham

The Scottish Greens have launched their Holyrood election campaign with a pledge to ban fracking.  [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Barton Moss fracking protestor Pete Roberts claims 'victory for UK citizens'
Warrington Guardian
Adam Everett

A PROTESTOR has claimed a ‘victory for UK citizens’ after charges he faced in relation to an anti-fracking demonstration were thrown out of court.   [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Drillers using more water to frack Ohio shale
The Columbus Dispatch
Laura Arenschield

The amount of water that companies use to drill for oil and gas in Ohio shale increased steadily from 2011 to 2015, according to a Dispatch analysis.   [Full Story]

Feb 8, 2016
Oil Industry Caused 2005 Swarm of California Earthquakes: Newly Published Study
DeSmogBlog
Sharon Kelly

Oil and gas wastewater disposal has been tied to a series of earthquakes in California for the first time, in a peer-reviewed study published last Thursday.   [Full Story]

Feb 7, 2016
Fracking Could Come to Lewisville Lake
NBCD FW
Brian Scott

A plan being considered by federal leaders could bring hydraulic fracturing to the northwest side of Lewisville Lake this spring.   [Full Story]

Feb 7, 2016
Campaigners rally against fracking plans across Wakefield district
Pontefract & Castleford Express


Anti-fracking campaigners have rallied in defiance after new licences to explore for oil and gas across the district were granted by the government.   [Full Story]

Feb 7, 2016
OSCAR-NOMINATED actor Mark Ruffalo has called on the Prime Minister to abandon fracking and leave fossil fuels in the ground.
Yorkshire Post


A prominent opponent of fracking in the US, Ruffalo warned David Cameron he was making “a legacy mistake” in supporting the controversial process of extracting gas by hydraulic fracturing.   [Full Story]

Feb 7, 2016
'Crude Oil Will Not Stay Above $40 Again,' Says Analyst
Agriculture.com
Jessie Scott

Two years ago crude oil stayed consistently around $110 per barrel. Last year prices dropped significantly to $50 to $60 per barrel. Now crude oil is hovering around $30. According to seasoned investor and economist Dennis Gartman, this is not the bottom of the market. This is the new normal.   [Full Story]

Feb 7, 2016
New York State to Investigate Radioactive Groundwater at Indian Point
The New York Times
LIAM STACK

New York State will investigate high levels of radioactive contamination found in the groundwater at the Indian Point nuclear plant, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said on Saturday. The governor said water contaminated with tritium had leaked into the groundwater at the plant, causing “alarming levels” of ...  [Full Story]




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